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6th September 2022 (6 Topics)

India to participate in ‘2+2’ dialogue in Japan


  • The second India-Japan 2+2 Ministerial Meeting will be held in Japan.


About the second India-Japan 2+2 dialogue:

  • India-Japan’s special strategic and global partnership is based on shared values of democracy, freedom, and respect for rule of law.
  • The ‘2+2’ dialogue with Japan was initiated in 2019. In the 2+2 dialogue, the two sides are expected to deliberate on ways to further expand bilateral cooperation in the areas of defence and security besides taking stock of the developments in the Indo-Pacific.

2+2 Dialogue:

  • It is an initiative to deepen bilateral security and defence cooperation further and bring greater depth to the special strategic and global partnership between the two countries.
  • India has the ‘2+2’ ministerial format of dialogue with very few countries, including the US, Japan, Australia, and Russia.

History of India-Japan Relations:

Cultural Connection:

  • The friendship between India and Japan has a long history rooted in spiritual affinity and strong cultural and civilization ties.
  • The exchange between Japan and India is said to have begun in the 6th century when Buddhism was introduced to Japan.
  • Indian culture, filtered through Buddhism, has had a great impact on Japanese culture, and this is the source of the Japanese people’s sense of closeness to India.

Diplomatic Relations:

  • Japan and India signed a peace treaty and established diplomatic relations on 28th April 1952.
  • This treaty was one of the first peace treaties Japan signed after World War II.
  • Ever since the establishment of diplomatic relations, the two countries have enjoyed cordial relations.
  • In the Post-World War II period, India’s iron ore helped a great deal in Japan’s recovery from the devastation.

Regional Cooperation:

  • India-Japan has strategic cooperation in the Indo-Pacific region. They both are part of QUAD and the Indo-Pacific Economic Framework.
  • India-Japan has a 2+2 Ministers Dialogue mechanism along with many other channels to strengthen India-Japan Relations.

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