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9th October 2023 (11 Topics)

Israel’s Iron Dome

Context

As, the Hamas has launched a major attack in Israel, killing 250 natives, Israel’s Iron Dome model has spotted light again.

Background:

  • The genesis of the Iron Dome goes back to the 2006 Israeli-Lebanon war, when the Hezbollah fired thousands of rockets into Israel.
  • The following year, Israel developed its Aerospace Industries.
  • The Iron Dome was deployed in 2011.

What is the Iron Dome?

  • It is a short-range, ground-to-air, air defence system.
  • It is used for countering rockets, artillery & mortars (C-RAM) as well as aircraft, helicopters and unmanned aerial vehicles.
  • Components: The Iron Dome has three main systems that work together to provide a shield over the area where it is deployed which are:
    • Radar: It has detection and tracking radar to spot any incoming threats.
    • Weapon Control: It has a battle management and weapon control system (BMC),
    • Missile Fire: It also has a missile firing unit. The BMC basically liaises between the radar and the interceptor missile.

How does it work?

  • The Iron Dome has three main systems that work together to provide a shield over the area where it is deployed, handling multiple threats.
  • It has detection and tracking radar to spot any incoming threats, a battle management and weapon control system (BMC), and a missile firing unit.
  • The BMC basically liaises between the radar and the interceptor missile.
  • It is capable of being used in all weather conditions, including during the day and night.

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