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Lokniti-CSDS’s survey

  • Published
    18th Aug, 2023

As per the report released by Lokniti-CSDS recently, suggest that the youth identify challenges relating to the economy as the most significant facing the nation.

  • The report offers insights into career aspirations, job preferences, and expectations of younger Indians.
About the survey:
  • The data is collected from survey conducted in 18 states with a sample of 9,316 respondents — show unemployment as a significant concern across all economic classes.
  • Conducted by: Centre for the Study of Developing Societies (CSDS), it is an Indian research institute for the social sciences and humanities.
  • It was founded in 1963 by Rajni Kothari and is largely funded by the Indian Council of Social Science Research Government of India.

The Lokniti programme for comparative democracy:

  • The Lokniti Programme for Comparative Democracy was established in 1997 as a research programme of the Centre for the Study of Developing Societies (CSDS), Delhi.
  • CSDS is an autonomous social science research institute.
  • CSDS has argued in favour of a more humane holistic view of democracy that goes beyond democratic institutions and processes in their narrow sense and emphasizes the survival of dissent and cultural contents of the civil society as central concerns of democracy.

Key points of the Report:

  • For views on Biggest concern in country:
    • More than one in three (36%) Indians between the ages of 15 and 34 believe unemployment is biggest problem in the country.
    • Reasons considered for unemployment remains to be about one in six (16%) think it is poverty, and 13% think it is inflation.
    • About 6% of respondents identified corruption as the most significant challenge;
    • 4% each identified problems in education and high population.
    • Only 27% of non-literate individuals cited unemployment as their primary concern, likely due to their greater willingness to take on a range of jobs.
    • Forty-two per cent of men said unemployment was the most significant problem; among young women, this number was 31%.

  • Occupational status in the country:
    • Sixteen per cent were professionals such as doctors or engineers, 15% were involved in agriculture, and semi-unskilled and skilled workers made up 27% of the total.
    • Only 6% were in government job.
  • Job Aspirations :
    • The preference for setting up an own business has grown consistently over this period — from 16% in 2007 to 27% in 2023.


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