India and China happens to be the World’s two largest, most populous, most durable Asian Countries, for most of their collective history, have lived alongside each other with an almost studied indifference to the military, economic and cultural activities of the other. This dynamic began to change in the postcolonial period, but slowly, unevenly and with as much backtracking as forward progress.
The recent news that Delhi and Beijing may be establishing a military hotline—reminiscent of the admittedly apocryphal ‘red telephone’ between the White House and the Kremlin—has shown how much the Sino-Indian relationship has expanded and matured in recent years and also how much distance still remains.
The decision has been taken with respect to rising frequent confrontation from Chinese side to cross the border (LAC) and intrude in Indian Territory causing damage to India’s sovereignty and territorial land.
India China Relations:
• The greatest impediment in India-China relations is the trust deficit. By engaging with each other swiftly, the leaders of both sides have demonstrated since independence that they are determined to address and reduce the trust deficit.
• Throughout the history, Geography was the primary reason that the two countries maintained a diplomatic distance, keeping their interests separate and avoiding substantial political and economic exchanges.
• Then, as the modern era dawned, China descended into domestic chaos and India found itself a direct colony of Britain, precluding any deeper ties as long as those conditions persisted. Only in the early 1950s did China and India begin to interact as modern governments in a sustained way, bonding over their shared former status as the exploited and downtrodden of Western Imperialism and the newly-emancipated developing world.
• The People's Republic of China (PRC) was established on October 1, 1949, and India was the first non-communist country to establish an Embassy in PRC. On April 1, 1950, India and China established diplomatic relations. The two countries also jointly expounded the Panchsheel (Five Principles of Peaceful Co-existence) in 1954.
• But their lack of deep ties allowed disputes to escalate, culminating in the 1962 Sino-Indian War, which left them with diplomatic differences until the early 1990s.
• However, that relationship has been changing rapidly. The last decade has seen a flurry of Sino-Indian diplomacy, trade and exchange, even as military tensions between the two remain substantial. The occasional border skirmish and bilateral interaction are tainted by their divergent views on relations with Pakistan, still-archrival of India and an increasingly close ally of China.
• India and China have stepped up functional cooperation in all areas. The two foreign ministries have instituted dialogue mechanisms on issues relating to counter-terrorism, policy planning and security, besides strategic dialogue and regular consultations. There are also close cooperation in areas as diverse as water resources, judiciary, science & technology, audit, personnel, finance, labour etc.
• The resultant growth in China and India's international diplomatic and economic influence has also increased the significance of their bilateral relationship. Cultural and economic relations between China and India date back to ancient times. The Silk Road not only served as a major trade route between India and China, but is also credited for facilitating the spread of Buddhism from India to East Asia.
• However, India and China both wants Nepal to be stable. A stable neighbour is more in India’s interest for establishing peace and prosperity in the region with the pace of development which is much in Nepal’ need.
• India too must share some responsibility for the political crisis in Nepal. However, Nepal’s blame game over India for Nepal’s own political condition is more of a flake. The Nepali street is particularly conducive to rumours about Indian interference, even if much of this has no basis in fact. Regardless, this is enough reason for New Delhi to quickly adopt a more open and more energetic outreach, one that is aimed at nothing more than the overall progress of the Himalayan republic.