National Institutional Ranking Framework
MHRD (Ministry of Human Resource Development)
has released Ranking System Framework for Higher Educational Institutions of India. This is the first time that a reliable, transparent and authentic ranking system is being implemented in the country for Higher Education.
The National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) has been launched to rank higher educational institutions in the Country based on objective, verifiable criteria. The ranking system is expected to promote excellence in education in a competitive environment.
India Rankings 2016 is the country's first exercise to rank the higher educational institutions in the country based on objective, identifiable parameters. The ranking, which will be an annual exercise, was done by an independent and autonomous body National Board of Accreditation (NBA).
These clusters have been assigned certain weightage and this weightage is a function of type of institution. Ranking methods have been worked out for 6 categories of institutions viz. Engineering, Management, Pharmacy, Architecture, Universities and Colleges
There are separate rankings for different types of institutions depending on their areas of operation.
Significance of the ranking:
NIRF ranks the institutions broadly on Five clusters of parameters viz. these ranking has follows the Indian approach Including:
1) Teaching-learning; Teaching, Learning & Resources (30%)
2) Research, Professional Practice & Collaborative Performance (30%)
3) Graduation Outcome (15%)
4) Outreach and Inclusivity (15%)
5) Peer group Perception (10%)
The rankings are arrived at after detailed analysis and validation of the data submitted by more than 3,600 higher educational institutions in the country classified in 6 categories. Each of these has been further subdivided into nearly 20 sub criteria to comprehensively assess an institution.
Importance of such rankings in India:
• In the list is its timing. With the 'admissions season' round the corner, students looking to study in reputed institutions will not have much time to make up their minds.They can make their choice of the institution they wish to take admission into on the basis of the ranking of the institute.
• Prior to this initiative, Indian students have had to rely on the Shanghai or the QS World Rankings which do not take into account the peculiarities of our subcontinent.
• In many countries, this exercise has been outsourced to third parties, so the move by the Indian government is praiseworthy.
The grounds of criticism:
• There has been no cross-verification of data before announcing the ranking. The data used for evaluation was submitted by the institutions themselves (Self-verification criteria) and the responsibility for accuracy and authenticity of the data lies with the respective institutions.
• The stated intent of the government was to prepare India-centric ranking parameters that were sensitive to metrics such as access to higher education and social inclusion. Interestingly, the weightage given to India-specific parameters is not pronounced.
• The IITs have chosen to participate in the rankings under the "engineering" category. They should have competed under the category of "universities". Institutions devoted to specific disciplines like Institute of Chemical Technology is ranked along with multidisciplinary universities like JNU/BHU.
• Some top institutions could not have figured in the ranking because they did not participate in the process and submit the data for judging them over various parameters.
• Disciplines like literature, commerce and social work appear to have been left out. The country is also being well served by many autonomous institutions that have their own expertise and excellence. Have they been taken into consideration is a question mark.
• The self-verification criteria are advisable to be cross-checked with an independent agency. The methodology needs to be improved.
• Ways and means should also be found to reassure students about the authenticity of the data.
• The categories should include the arts and sciences.
• The rankings should include 'IPs/ patents by the institute', 'student satisfaction', etc.
• Outreach and inclusivity are useful data to help students get a feel of the composition and outlook of the university.
• The NIRF should be transparent about the criteria adopted by it to rank Indian universities.
• The rankings are a step towards bringing the Indian institutes on a global platform.
List of top 10 India Rankings 2016 is as follows: