1. Assam Rifles
• Assam Rifles is the oldest of the Central Para Military Forces.
• Though the organisation has a cadre of its own officers, most senior positions are filled by taking officers on deputation from the Army.
• The Force functioned under the control of the Ministry of External Affairs till 1965.
• Its control was then transferred to the Ministry of Home Affairs and has since been functioning under that Ministry.
• The Assam Rifles Act, 1941, presently governs the Force.
• Its charter of functions include:
a) Maintaining security of the North Eastern sector of the international border; Š
b) Helping states in the North East to maintain law and order and other states as and when needed; and
c) Taking counter insurgency measures in states of the North East.
2. Special Frontier Force
• The special Frontier force (SFF) is paramilitary unit of India.
• It was conceived in the post Sino-Indian war period as a guerrilla force composed mainly of Tibetan who are residents of India whose main goal was to conduct covert operations behind Chinese lines in case of another war between the People’s Republic of China and India.
• Based in Chakrata, Uttarakhand, SFF is also known as the Establishment 22.
• The force was put under the direct supervision of the Intelligence Bureau, and later, the Research and Analysis Wing, India’s external intelligence agency.
3. Border Security Force (BSF)
• Prior to the Indo-Pak war of 1965, maintaining security on the Indo-Pak border was the responsibility of the Armed Police Forces of the concerned States.
• The 1965 war led the government of India to recognize the need to setup a specialised force to maintain security on the Indo-Pak international border.
• This led to the establishment of the BSF on December 1, 1965.
• The BSF has a peace as well as war- time role.
• Their tasks include:
a) To prevent trans-border crimes, unauthorized entry into or exit from the territory of India;
b) To prevent smuggling and related illegal activities;
c) To promote a sense of security amongst the people living in the border areas; and
d) To help civil administration in maintenance of public order.
a) To hold ground in less threatened sectors so long as the main attack does not develop in a particular sector.
b) To protect vital installations against enemy commandos and para-troop raids.
4. Indo-Tibetan Border Police
• Indo-Tibetan Border Police was conceived on October 24, 1962. ITBP was initially raised under the CRPF Act, however in 1992; the parliament enacted the ITBPF Act rules there under were framed in 1994
• ITBP is a multi-dimensional force. Presently Battalions of ITBP deployed on Border Guarding Duties from Karakoram Pass in Ladakh to Jachep-La in Arunachal Pradesh covering 3488 KM of India China Border are manning Border out Posts at an altitude ranging from 9000' to 18500' in the Western, Middle & Eastern Sector of India China Border.
• ITBP is basically a mountain trained Force and most of the officers & men are professionally trained Mountaineers and Skiers. They have scaled more than 140 Himalayan peaks including Mt. Everest Four times (Recent successful expedition in April- May, 2012), besides ITBP battalions are also deployed on CI OPS/ IS/ VIP security duties at Chamba - Doda border in VA/Strategic locations and with VIPs in Delhi and VIPs in Srinagar J&K.
• The border posts manned by ITBP are exposed to high velocity storms, snow blizzards, avalanches, and landslides, bedsides the hazards of high altitude and extreme cold, where temperature dips up to minus 40 degree Celsius.
• ITBP conducts Long Range and Short Range patrols to keep an effective vigil on inaccessible and unmanned areas on the border. To maintain optimum operational efficiency of troops, periodical tactical exercises are conducted independently as well as jointly with Army.
5. Central Industrial Security Force (CISF)
• The CISF was set up through an Act of Parliament (Central Industrial Force Act, 1968) to provide security to public sector undertakings.
• It was made an armed force of the Union subsequently in 1983.
• The concerned public sector undertakings bear the expenses of the CISF personnel deployed for their security.
• The Force is also deployed in States/ Union Territories to help them maintain public order.
• With globalization and liberalization of the economy, CISF is no longer a PSU centric organization. Instead, it has become a premier multi-skilled security agency of the country, mandated to provide security to major critical infrastructure installations of the country in diverse areas.
• CISF is currently providing security cover to nuclear installations, space establishments, airports, seaports, power plants, sensitive Government buildings and ever heritage monuments.
• Among the important responsibilities recently entrusted to the CISF are the Delhi Metro Rail Corporation, VIP Security, Disaster Management and establishment of a Formed Police Unit (FPU) of the UN at Haiti.
6. Central Reserve Police Force
• This Force was formed in 1939 and was known at that time as the Crown Representative Police and was utilised to maintain law and order in the then princely states of the central India.
• After Independence, the Force was given statutory status with the passage of the Central Reserve Police Act in 1949.
• Its main role is to help the States/ Union Territories in maintaining law and order.
• Besides dealing with various types of riots occurring in different parts of the country, it has over the past few years also been deployed on anti-insurgency and anti-terrorist operations, VIP security, aviation security, election duties, guard duties and army convoy protection duties.
7. Sashastra Seema Bal
The Special Service Bureau (also abbreviated SSB) was set up in early 20 December 1963, following the Sino-Indian War.
SSB is now spread along the International border across Uttarakhand, UP, Bihar, West Bengal, Sikkim, Assam and Arunachal Pradesh. SSB’s present charter of duties is to:
i. Safeguard the security of assigned borders of India and promote sense of security among the people living in border areas.
ii. Prevent trans-border crimes, smuggling and any other illegal activities.
iii. Prevent unauthorized entry into or exit from the territory of India.
iv. Carry out civic action programme in the area of responsibility.
v. Perform any other duty assigned by the Central Government.(SSB is being deployed for Law & Order, Counter Insurgency Operations and Election duty).