According to Chief Economic Adviser (CEA) V. Anantha Nageswaran, India's economy has emerged from the challenges posed by the pandemic and is poised for a sustained period of growth.
An Optimistic prognosis:
Lesser projection could underestimate potentials: The higher-than-expected 7.2% GDP growth recorded last year could even be an underestimate of the true potential.
Growth in indicators: The economy has gained strong momentum, and macroeconomic fundamentals have improved, with inflation and trade deficits easing in recent months.
Sustainable reforms: Reforms such as the Goods and Services Tax (GST) and digitization have led to cleaner bank and corporate balance sheets while promoting formalization.
More to be done:
Rationalising policies: The economy being on 'auto-pilot' suggests that there may be a lack of appetite for significant reforms, such as rationalizing the GST structure or addressing outdated factor market laws.
Sector-specific growth: Certain sectors like steel and cement are witnessing increased capacity utilization.
Out-pass projection levels: COVID-19 impact, indicated by a 5.8% GDP contraction in 2020-21, simply returning to the pre-pandemic growth trajectory is not sufficient.
China’s dominance: To leverage India's potential as an alternative to China in global supply chains, the government needs to align its actions with its intent.
Taxation and tariff barriers: Policies like high import tariffs and the complicated 'angel tax' on foreign investments, along with inefficiencies in online services for company registration, undermine investor confidence.
Building Investor confidence: It is crucial to establish conditions that enable hassle-free progress and inspire investor confidence to fully tap into India's economic potential.