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Neutral, not passive

  • Published
    14th Apr, 2023

Context:

  • The visit by Ukraine’s Deputy Foreign Minister to India, the ?rst such by a senior government o?cial from the East European country since its invasion by Russia, demonstrates Kyiv’s desire to build tighter ties with New Delhi and seek its help in resolving the con?ict.

India’s Vote:

  • UNSC: Discussed 47 times since a year now; India has voted on 5 Resolutions; and mostly abstained and remained neutral. 
  • UNGA: Voted on 6 Resolutions; India abstained. In 6 Procedural Votes, India supported procedural matters/decisions on virtual participation of Zelenskyy in 77th UNGA.
  • UNHRC: In Human rights commission too, India abstained its position on Russia-Ukraine war and has given 2 procedural votes.

 Reasons for India’s diplomatic dilemma:

  • First, the West views this as condoning Russia’s actions and applying double standards while India raises the issue of “territorial integrity and sovereignty” when it comes to China.
  • Second, this is India’s diplomatic dilemma, which is because of India’s strategic ties with Russia and its dependence on Russia for military supplies — 60 to 70 per cent of India’s military hardware is of Russian-origin.
  • Third, India’s worry remains its 20,000 Indian students and nationals, many of them who live close to the Ukraine-Russia border. Many of these students are enrolled in the medical colleges of Ukraine.
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