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Gist of Kurukshetra- Rural Prosperity:- Major government initiatives in Agriculture:

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  • Published
    7th Oct, 2019

Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana

  • Beneficial for small and marginal farmers and in geographies where water sources are available.
  • Ensure ‘more crop per drop’ which will cover 28.5 lakh hectare area under irrigation.
  • 5000 crore fund for micro-irrigation has been made available .
  • Also, encouragement for farmers to install solar pumps for irrigation.

Credit for Farmers

  • Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana is the biggest risk cover and safety net provided by the government.
  • Under the interest subvention scheme, short-term crop loans up to 3 lakh with interest rate of 7 per cent per annum has been made available.Soil Health Card
  • Government has dispatched more than 13 crore Soil Health Cards from 2015-18.
  • Soil Health Cards carry crop-specific recommendations for nutrients and fertilizers to help farmers improve their productivity.

Neem Coated Urea

  • To boost the growth of wheat and paddy, and curb the black marketeering and hoarding of urea.
  • Government of India has made use of neem-coated urea mandatory.

Marketing the Farmers Produce (e-NAM)

  • It has integrated 585 markets across 16 states and 2 union territories.
  • 22,000 Rural Haats will turn into Gramin Agriculture Market which will benefit 86 per cent small farmers.
  • Address price volatility of perishable items like tomato, potato and onion.

Micro Irrigation Fund (MIF)

  • To facilitate the States in mobilizing the resources for expanding coverage of Micro irrigation.
  • Bringing additional coverage through special and innovative initiatives by State Governments.

Agriculture Contingency Plan

  • ICAR has prepared district level Contingency Fund to tackle the monsoon situations leading to drought and floods, extreme events affecting crops, livestock and fisheries.

Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY)

  • To promote organic farming in the country
  • To improve soil health and increase net income of the farmer so as to realise premium prices.

Facts and Data:

  • Agriculture consumes 60 per cent of available water resources.
  • 47 percent of agricultural land area is under irrigation.
  • The private sector constitutes less than 2.5 percent share in total investments in agriculture.
  • About 14 percent of gross value added in agriculture is invested in the sector.
  • Corpus of Rs 10,000 crore has been set up to create infrastructure in fisheries, aquaculture and animal husbandry.
  • Agriculture production in 2017-18 with 279.51 million tonnes of foodgrain production

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