The history of the British Governor-General and Viceroys in India is a critical component of India's colonial past. This period witnessed the transformation of India from a vast and diverse subcontinent under various princely states into a unified colonial entity. The British Governors and Viceroys played pivotal roles in shaping India's destiny during the colonial era, leaving an indelible mark on its socio-political, economic, and cultural landscape. Their rule, often marked by both administrative innovations and challenges, set the stage for India's struggle for independence and the eventual emergence of a sovereign nation.
In this fact file, we delve into the chronology and key contributions of these British leaders who held the reins of power in India, shedding light on their impact and legacy. Understanding this historical backdrop is indispensable for any UPSC aspirant, as it provides crucial insights into India's journey towards independence and its socio-political evolution.