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‘Conversion therapy’

  • Published
    3rd Sep, 2022
Context

The National Medical Commission (NMC), the apex regulatory body of medical professionals in India, has said that “conversion therapy” will be counted as professional misconduct.

About
  • According to experts “Reparative” or “conversion” therapy is a dangerous practice that targets LGBTQ+ youth and seeks to change their sexual or gender identities.
  • National Medical Commission has decided that conversion therapy will constitute a professional misconduct under the Indian Medical Council (Professional Conduct Etiquettes and Ethics) Regulations, 2003.
  • It has also written to all the State Medical Councils empowering them to take disciplinary action against medical professionals if they undertake “conversion therapy”.

Conversion Therapy:

  • “Conversion therapy,” also known as “reparative therapy,” is a range of dangerous and discredited practices that falsely claim to change a person’s sexual orientation or gender identity or expression.
  • Such practices have been rejected by every mainstream medical and mental health organization for decades, but due to continuing discrimination and societal bias against LGBTQ people, some practitioners continue to conduct conversion therapy.
  • Minors are especially vulnerable.
  • Conversion therapy can lead to depression, anxiety, drug use, homelessness, and suicide.

National Medical Commission (NMC):

  • The National Medical Commission (NMC) has been constituted by an act of Parliament known as National Medical Commission Act, 2019 which came into force on 25.9.2020 by gazette notification.
  • The Board of Governors in supersession of Medical Council of India constituted under section 3A of the Indian Medical Council Act, 1956 stands dissolved thereafter.

Mission and Vision

  • The Aim of the National Medical Commission are to
  • improve access to quality and affordable medical education,
  • ensure availability of adequate and high quality medical professionals in all parts of the country;
  • promote equitable and universal healthcare that encourages community health perspective and makes services of medical professionals accessible to all the citizens;
  • encourages medical professionals to adopt latest medical research in their work and to contribute to research;
  • objectively assess medical institutions  periodically in a transparent manner; (vi) maintain a medical register for India;
  • enforce high ethical standards in all aspects of medical services;
  • have an effective grievance redressal mechanism
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