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All-India Consumer Price Index Numbers for Agricultural and Rural Labourers

  • Category
    Economy
  • Published
    31st Dec, 2023

Context

The All-India Consumer Price Index Number for Agricultural Labourers and Rural Labourers (Base: 1986-87=100) for the month of November, 2023 has been released.

Key Highlights

  • Agricultural Labourers: Increased by 12 points to reach 1253.
  • Rural Labourers: Increased by 11 points to stand at 1262.
  • Contribution Factors: Major contributor, accounting for 10.85 and 10.50 points in Agricultural and Rural Labourers' indices, driven by price hikes in rice, wheat atta, pulses, onion, turmeric whole, garlic, mixed spices, etc.

Who maintains Consumer Price Index in India?

In India, there are four consumer price index numbers, which are calculated, and these are as follows:

  • CPI for Industrial Workers (IW)
  • CPI for Agricultural Labourers (AL)
  • CPI for Rural Labourers (RL)
  • CPI for Urban Non-Manual Employees (UNME)

The Ministry of Statistics and Program Implementation collects CPI (UNME) data and compiles it.

The remaining three (CPI-IW, CPI-AL, CPI-RL) are collected by the Labour Bureau in the Ministry of Labour.

  • Regional Trends:
    • Upward trend observed in all states, except West Bengal (decreased indices for both CPI-AL and CPI-RL) and Himachal Pradesh (CPI-AL index decreased).
  • State-wise Breakdown (Agricultural Labourers):
    • Increase of 1 to 10 points in 11 states.
    • Increase of 11 to 20 points in 4 states.
    • Increase of more than 20 points in 3 states.
    • Tamil Nadu tops with 1453 points, while Himachal Pradesh is at the bottom with 958 points.
  • State-wise Breakdown (Rural Labourers):
    • Increase of 1 to 10 points in 11 states.
    • Increase of 11 to 20 points in 5 states.
    • Increase of more than 20 points in 3 states.
    • Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu lead with 1439 points each; Himachal Pradesh is at the bottom with 1015 points.

  • Maximum State Increases:
    • CPI-AL: Maharashtra experienced the highest increase of 27 points, driven by price hikes in jowar, rice, wheat atta, tapioca, arhar dal, onion, and sugar.
    • CPI-RL: Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu saw the maximum increase of 24 points each, mainly due to rising prices of rice, jowar, ragi, fish fresh, onion, arhar dal, vegetables, and fruits.
  • Point-to-Point Inflation Rates (November 2023):
    • CPI-AL: 7.37%, compared to 7.08% in October and 6.87% during the same month last year.
    • CPI-RL: 7.13%, compared to 6.92% in October and 6.99% during the same month last year.
  • Food Inflation Rates (November 2023):
    • 9.38% for CPI-AL, compared to 8.42% in October and 6.19% during the same month last year.
    • 9.14% for CPI-RL, compared to 8.18% in October and 6.05% during the same month last year.
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