Mobility and Migration Partnership Agreement between India and Italy
9th Nov, 2023
Recently, the External Affairs Minister of India has signed the Mobility and Migration Partnership Agreement with Italy to facilitate movement of workers, students and professionals.
About the Agreement:
- They signed Mobility and Migration Partnership Agreement and the Cultural Exchange Programme to enable seamless movement of workers, students and professionals and also address the challenges of illegal migration.
- The agenda focused on taking forward the renewed defence and security partnership.
- Points of discussion: India and Italy has agreed that potential in agro-tech, innovation, space, defence and the digital domain should be explored.
- The two leaders also spoke about the West Asia situation, Ukraine conflict and the Indo-Pacific landscape.
- Historical and Cultural Ties:
- India and Italy are ancient civilizations but young states (Italy having been reunified only in1861).
- These two ancient civilizations have known, interacted and traded with each other for over 2000 years.
- Economic ties:
- Italy is among India's top 5 trading partners in the EU and the 12th largest investor in India. The balance of trade has been in India’s favour since the early eighties.
- Main items of import from Italy are general and special purpose machinery, machine tools, metallurgical products, and engineering items. Around 140 large Italian companies are active in India.
- Cultural Exchange, Scientific Co-operation etc.:
- The agreement for cultural cooperation was signed in 1976.
- It includes the Cultural Exchange Programme (CEP) between Italy and India which entails exchange of students in language programmes as well as other academic courses.
- There are several Universities/higher education institutions in Italy with highly qualified faculties which conduct courses in Indian art, history and languages.
- Many of these institutions teach Hindi and Sanskrit to Italian students.
An ICCR Chair on Modern Indian History was also established in September 2011 in ‘La Sapienza’ University in Rome.
- An Agreement on S&T Co-operation exists since 1978.
- The Agreement envisages three yearly action plans under which joint research projects can be undertaken.
- The Indian community in Italy is the second largest community of Indians in Europe after UK.
- As per the latest Italian official estimates, more than 1, 60,000 Indian nationals are resident in Italy.
- As first generation migrants, majority of them are engaged in economic sectors such as agriculture, dairy farming, leather industry, construction works and in service industry.