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Peace pact with Naga armed group

Published: 29th Dec, 2022

Context

The Union government and the Manipur government have signed a cessation of operations agreement with the Zeliangrong United Front (ZUF), a Manipur-based Naga armed group.

Background:

  • The banned group, active for a decade, has been demanding a separate State for the Zeliangrong Naga tribe.
  • The armed group are the followers of Rani Gaidinliu, freedom fighter from Manipur, who was jailed by the British for 14 years.

Rani Gaidinliu:

  • Rani Gaidinliu was a Naga spiritual leader.
  • Gaidinliu belonged to the Rongmei clan of the Zeliangrong tribe in the Tamenglong district of western Manipur.
  • Rani Gandiliu’s association with Jadonang (then king) who prepared her to fight the British.
  • After the execution of Jadonang, she took up the leadership of the movement — which slowly turned political from religious.
  • Rani started a serious revolt against the British and was eventually imprisoned for life. She was released after 14 years, in 1947.

About

About the peace pact:

  • Signed by: The senior officers of the Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of Manipur and the representatives of the ZUF in the presence of Chief Minister of Manipur, N. Biren Singh.
  • Points agreed:
      • Representatives of the armed group agreed to abjure violence and join the peaceful democratic process as established by the law.
      • The agreement provides for rehabilitation and resettlement of the armed cadres. A Joint Monitoring Group will be constituted to oversee enforcement of the agreed ground rules.

Other armed groups of Naga-origin:

  • The 2015 agreement was signed between the Centre and the Naga groups led by National Socialist Council of Nagaland-Isak-Muivah (NSCN-IM) after the latter agreed to give up its long-standing demand for sovereignty.
  • There was a broad understanding on a settlement within the Indian constitutional framework, with due regard to the uniqueness of Naga history and tradition.

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