Pradhan Mantri Adi Adarsh Gram Yojna
Polity & Governance
16th Dec, 2022
Recently, the Ministry of Tribal Affairs has revamped the existing Scheme of ‘Special Central Assistance to Tribal Sub-Scheme (SCA to TSS)’ with the nomenclature ‘Pradhan Mantri Adi Adarsh Gram Yojna (PMAAGY)’, for implementation during 2021-22 to 2025-26.
- To transform villages with significant tribal populations into ‘model villages(Adarsh Gram)’ covering about the population of 4.22 crore (About 40% of the total Tribal Population).
- To achieve integrated socio-economic developmentof selected villages through a convergence approach.
- It is envisaged to cover 36,428 villages having at least 50% tribal populationand 500 STs across States / UTs with notified STs.
- Key provisions:
- Planning:It includes preparing Village Development Plan based on the needs, potential, and aspirations.
- Focus group:It also includes maximizing the coverage of individual/family benefit schemes of the Central / State Governments and improving the infrastructure in vital sectors like health, education, connectivity, and livelihood.
- Sectors covered: It will mitigate gaps prominently in 8 sectors of developmentRoad connectivity (Internal and Intervillage /block), Telecom connectivity (Mobile /internet), Schools, Anganwadi Centres, Health Sub-Centre, Drinking water facility, Drainage, and solid waste management.
- Fund allocation: A sum of Rs20.38 lakh per village as ‘Gap-filling’has been provisioned for approved activities including administrative expenses under PMAAGY.
- Besides States / UTs are encouraged for convergence of resources as Central / State Scheduled Tribe Component (STC) funds and other financial resources available with them for saturation of gaps in the villages identified under PMAAGY.
Special Central Assistance to Tribal Sub-Scheme (SCA to TSS):
- Special Central Assistance to Tribal Sub Scheme (SCA to TSS) is part of the Umbrella Scheme for Development of Scheduled Tribes which is now a ‘Core of the Core Scheme.
- The core of the core scheme includes the ‘umbrella scheme for development of scheduled castes, umbrella scheme for development of minorities, and the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Generation Scheme.’
- Objective: It supplements the efforts of State Governments for the development and welfare of tribal people by extending Special Central Assistance as an additive to the State Tribal Sub-Plan (TSP).
Other Government Initiatives for Tribals:
- Van Bandhu Kalyan Yojana (VKY)aims at creating enabling environment for the need-based and outcome-oriented holistic development of the tribal people.
- Van Dhan Scheme:The scheme will be implemented through the Ministry of Tribal Affairs and TRIFED as Nodal Agency at the National Level.
- At the State level, the State Nodal Agency for MFPs and the District collectors are envisaged to play a pivot role in scheme implementation at the grassroots level.
- Locally the Kendras are proposed to be managed by a Managing Committee (an SHG) consisting of representatives of Van Dhan SHGs in the cluster.