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‘US, Russia agree to extend ‘New START’ nuclear arms treaty

  • Category
    India & world
  • Published
    2nd Feb, 2021

The Russian lower house of Parliament, the Duma, ratified a new START nuclear treaty with the US. 

Context

  • The Russian lower house of Parliament, the Duma, ratified a new START nuclear treaty with the US. 

About

  • What is in the treaty?
  • The New START (Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty), was signed in 2010 by former US President Barack Obama and his Russian counterpart at the time, Dmitry Medvedev.
  • The treaty was to replace the 1991 START treaty.
  • The treaty limits each party to 700 deployed intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs) or deployed submarine-launched ballistic missiles (SLBMs), 1,550 nuclear warheads on deployed ICBMs and SLBMs, and 800 deployed and non-deployed ICBM launchers. 
  • It also envisions a rigorous inspection regime to verify compliance. 

Overview

  • Signed: 8 April 2010
  • Entered into Force: 5 February 2011
  • Duration: Ten-year duration with option to extend for no more than five years
  • Parties: United States, Russian Federation

Has the treaty worked?

The U.S. and Russia reduced their nuclear arsenals to the agreed-upon limits by the 2018 deadline set forth in the treaty.

  • The U.S. had 1,457 deployed warheads and 675 deployed strategic delivery systems as of Dec. 1, 2020, according to the U.S. State Department.
  • Russia had 1,447 deployed warheads attributed to 510 deployed strategic launchers. Combined, the two countries account for about 90% of the world’s nuclear weapons.
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