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DAMan Initiative

  • Category
    Polity & Governance
  • Published
    7th Feb, 2019

Odisha has emerged as an inspiration in the global fight against malaria, through its DAMaN initiative.


Odisha has emerged as an inspiration in the global fight against malaria, through its DAMaN initiative.


DAMaN Initiative

  • In recent years, Odisha has dramatically scaled-up efforts to prevent, diagnose and treat malaria through its Durgama Anchalare Malaria Nirakaran (DAMaN) initiative, which has produced impressive results in a short span of time.
  • DAMaN aims to deliver services to the most inaccessible and hardest hit people of the State. The initiative has in-built innovative strategies to combat asymptomatic malaria. It has been accorded priority in the State’s health agenda.
  • In 2017, accredited social health activists (ASHAs) helped distribute approximately 11 million bed nets, which was enough to protect all the residents in areas that were at highest risk. This included residential hostels in schools. As a result of its sustained efforts, Odisha recorded 80% decline in malaria cases and deaths in 2017.
  • There is financial commitment for a five-year period to sustain and build on the impact created by the initiative.

Malaria Prevention in India

  • The WHO’s World Malaria Report of 2018 highlighted India’s recent strides against malaria. India is the only country among the 11 highest-burden countries that saw substantial progress in reducing disease burden: it saw a 24% decrease in 2017 compared to 2016. This shows that India has assumed a leadership role in advancing global efforts to end malaria. The country’s success provides hope to the other highest-burden countries to tackle malaria head-on.
  • India’s progress in fighting malaria is an outcome of concerted efforts to ensure that its malaria programme is country-owned and country-led, even as it is in alignment with globally accepted strategies.
  • The turning point in India’s fight against malaria came at the East Asia Summit in 2015, when it pledged to eliminate the disease by 2030. Following this public declaration, India launched the five-year National Strategic Plan for Malaria Elimination. This marked a shift in focus from malaria “control” to “elimination”. The plan provides a roadmap to achieve the target of ending malaria in 571 districts out of India’s 678 districts by 2022.

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