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‘Eri Silk’

  • Category
    Economy
  • Published
    19th Jan, 2021

The State government of Assam has decided to provide khadi shirts, and shawls and stoles made of ‘Eri’--a variety of silk produced in Assam-- to grade IV employees in a phased manner.

The above step aims to promote the Khadi industry in order to endorsing an ideology of self-reliance and empowerment.

Context

The State government of Assam has decided to provide khadi shirts, and shawls and stoles made of ‘Eri’--a variety of silk produced in Assam-- to grade IV employees in a phased manner.

The above step aims to promote the Khadi industry in order to endorsing an ideology of self-reliance and empowerment.

About

What is Eri silk?

  • The word ‘Eri’ is inspired from the Assamese word ‘era’ which means castor. 
  • Eri Silk is one of the purest forms of Silk that is a true and genuine product of the Samia cynthia ricini worm.
  • Eri Silk is called the father of all forms of cultured and textured Silks.
  • It is the only domesticated silk produced in India, as the process doesn’t involve any killing of the silk worm, also naming Eri silk as ‘Ahimsa (ahinsa) silk or fabric of peace.
  • Around forty percent of Eri Silk is produced in Nagaland, Meghalaya, Manipur, Bihar, Orrisa, Karnataka, Assam, Andhra Pradesh and Jharkhand.
  • The bulk of Eri Silk production gives Assam the name of Eri Silk state.
  • The unique thing in Eri silk is the type of cocoon. Its fiber is not reeled. The cocoon is open-ended and the moth emerges or worm is extracted.
    • All other silk cocoons require boiling in hot water to reel the continuous fibers.

Silk varieties found in India

  • There are four types of natural silk produced in India for commercial purposes. These are known as
    • Mulberry silk: Among these four kinds, the mulberry silk contributes to more than 80% of the silk produced in the country. 
    • Tasar silk: It is primarily produced in the states of West Bengal, Bihar, Odisha, Jharkhand, Chattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, and Maharashtra. 
    • Muga silk: An exclusive specialty of Assam, the Muga silk is one of the rarest silks produced in the world. This silk is produced by the larva of a silkworm named Assam silkmoth (Antheraea assamensis).
    • Eri silk:  It comes from the silkworm Philosomia ricini that feeds mostly on the leaves of the castor plant, Ricinus communis. 
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