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India slips to 161 on World Press Freedom Index

Published: 4th May, 2023

Context

India’s ranking has fallen to 161 in the World Press Freedom Index-2023 in the list 180 countries.  In 2021, India’s ranking was 150, down from a ranking of 142 on the press freedom index. 

Key-findings of the Report

  • Toppers: Norway, Ireland, Denmark, Sweden, Finland, Netherlands, Lithuania, Estonia, Portugal and Timor-Leste occupy the top 10 ranks in the World Press Freedom Index 2023.
  • India’s neighbours: The relative rankings of some countries -- Pakistanrose up seven ranks, and was placed at 150th, and Afghanistan was ranked 152nd.
  • The World Press Freedom Index revealed that press freedom in 31 is in a “very serious situation”.
    • Two years ago, the number was 21 countries.

About the Report

  • The World Press Freedom IndexReport is an annual report.
  • It is published by Reporters Without Borders, a non-governmental organization that advocates for freedom of the press worldwide.

 RSF is an international NGO whose self-proclaimed aim is to defend and promote media freedom. Headquartered in Paris, it has consultative status with the United Nations. 

  • The report ranks 180 countries based on their level of press freedom, taking into account factors such as censorship, media independence, and the safety of journalists.
  • The World Press Freedom Index is based on five different factors that are used to calculate scores and rank countries. These five sub-indicators include the: 
    • Political indicator
    • Economic indicator
    • Legislative indicator
    • Social indicator
    • Security indicator

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