India’s Higher Education Accreditation System
Polity & Governance
10th Mar, 2023
The National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) is facing allegations of irregularities in the way it operates.
- The chairperson of NAAC’s executive committee, Bhushan Patwardhan, resigned after repeatedly demanding an independent inquiry into the functioning of the council.
National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC):
- NAAC an autonomous body under the University Grants Commission (UGC).
- It assesses and accredits Higher Education Institutions (HEIs).
- NAAC is entrusted with assessing the quality of India’s higher educational institutions.
- It awards grades to colleges and universities on the basis of multi layered assessment process
- Parameters of accreditation:
- Its parameters include curriculum, faculty, infrastructure, research and financial well-being.
- The grades issued by NAAC range from A++ to C.
- If an institution is graded D, it means it is not accredited.
Is NAAC’s accreditation mandatory for institutions?
- Though UGC has issued multiple circular and asked all the universities to mandatorily undergo NAAC’s assessment, the process still remains largely voluntary.
- All higher education institutions must attain the highest level of accreditation during the next 15 years, according to the National Education Policy (2020).
- However, As per AISHE REPORT, only 418 universities and 9,062 colleges out of the 1,113 universities and 43,796 colleges were NAAC-accredited as on January 31, 2023.