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India’s kala-azar cases declined 98.7% since 2007: Health Ministry

  • Category
    Science & Technology
  • Published
    13th Jan, 2023

Context

Recently, informed by the Ministry of Health that the Kala-azar cases in India fell to 834 in 2022 from 44,533 in 2007 — a 98.7 percent decline.

About

About the disease:

  • Kala-azar or black fever is a chronic and potentially fatal parasitic disease of the internal organs, particularly the liver, spleen, bone marrow and lymph nodes.
  • Caused by: It is caused by bites from female phlebotomine sandflies – the vector (or transmitter) of the leishmania parasite.
  • Transmission: Leishmania donovani is transmitted by sandfly bites in parts of Asia (primarily India), Africa (primarily Sudan), South America (primarily Brazil), Europe (primarily in the Mediterranean region) and in North America.
  • According to WHO, if the disease is not treated, the fatality rate in developing countries can be as high as 100% within 2 years.

Symptoms of Kala azar:

  • Fever, loss of appetite (anorexia), fatigue, enlargement of the liver, spleen and nodes and suppression of the bone marrow.

Diagnosing Kala azar:

  • The first oral drug found to be effective for treating kala-azar is miltefosine.

Verifying, please be patient.

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