‘MCI dissolved, National Medical Commission comes into existence’

  • Category
    Polity & Governance
  • Published
    8th Oct, 2020

The National Medical Commission (NMC) came into existence, as the Centre dissolved the six-decade-old Indian Medical Council Act 1956.

Context

The National Medical Commission (NMC) came into existence, as the Centre dissolved the six-decade-old Indian Medical Council Act 1956.

About

  • The National Medical Commission has been set up as the country’s apex regulator of medical education and profession.
  • Composition: Dr Suresh Chandra Sharma, retired HoD, ENT, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, has been appointed as the Chairman of the NMC for a period of three years
    • Apart from the Chairman, the NMC will consist of 10 ex-officio members and 22 part-time members appointed by the Central government.

Modalities for Exit Test to be worked out

  • National Exit Test, once finalised, will serve as PG entrance even to institutes of national importance like AIIMS, PGI & JIPMER
  • The NMC is now set to draft the uniform national pattern for MBBS final-year exams to ensure the same level of skills in MBBS graduates all over India
  • Plans afoot to scrap existing system of annual renewal permissions for institutes

Autonomous Boards

  • The Centre has formed four autonomous boards under the NMC Act---
    • Under-Graduate Medical Education Board (UGMEB)
    • Post-Graduate Medical Education Board (PGMEB)
    • Medical Assessment and Rating Board
    • Ethics and Medical Registration Board

Functions of NMC:

  • To lay down policies for regulating medical institutions and medical professionals.
  • To assess the requirements of human resources and infrastructure in healthcare.
  • To ensure compliance by the State Medical Councils with the regulations made under the Bill.
  • To frame guidelines for determination of fee for up to 50% of the seats in the private medical institutions.

Background

  • In 2018, it was decided that the MCI will be dissolved and a new body will take its place, after which the National Medical Commission Act, 2019 was passed in August 2019.
  • The change was aimed at bringing in reforms in medical education towards a transparent, qualitative and accountable system.
  • The basic change is that the regulator is now 'selected' on merit, as opposed to an 'elected' regulator.
  • The government dissolved the MCI in 2018, replaced it with a BoG, which was chaired by Dr. VK Paul, member (health), NITI Aayog.

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