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National Surveillance Programme on Fish Diseases scheme

  • Category
    Polity & Governance
  • Published
    4th Mar, 2023


The Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying has launched schemes for Genetic improvement, diseases surveillance, Aquaculture and increasing fish species.


  • The three programmes launched includes;
  • Genetic Improvement Programme of Indian White Shrimp (Penaeus indicus),
  • National Surveillance Programme on Fish Diseases, launching of aquaculture insurance product and,
  • A Genetic Improvement Facility.
  • Need of the initiative:
  • To strengthen the farmer-based disease surveillance system,
  • Disease cases in fishes can be reported easily,
  • For investigated and scientific support is provided to the farmers.

Status of fishing industry in India:

  • India is the third largest fish producing country with a fish production of 14.73 million metric tonnes.
  • India is one of the largest exporters of farmed shrimps which is around 7 lakh tonnes.

National Surveillance Programme for Aquatic Animal Diseases (NSPAAD):

  • Government of India is implementing the NSPAAD since 2013.
  • Aim: Scheme focuses on improving the farmer-based disease surveillance system. Thus the disease cases are reported immediately.
  • Consequently, disease gets investigated and scientific support is provided to the farmers.
  • Department of Fisheries sanctioned the NSPAAD: Phase-II under the Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana programme to continue the efforts with more intensity.
  • The phase-II will be implemented at pan-India.
  • The Marine Products Export Development Authority (MPEDA) and the State Fisheries Departments are anticipated to play a significant role in this crucial national surveillance programme.

The Genetic improvement program of Penaeus indicus (Indian white shrimp):

  • Under the Make in India flagship programme, ICAR-CIBA has taken on the genetic enhancement of indicus, the Indian white shrimp, as a national priority.

The shrimp farming sector mostly depends on one exotic Specific Pathogen Free stock of Pacific white shrimp (Penaeus vannamei) species.

  • Using indigenous feed, Indicus Plus (35% Protein), CIBA has successfully optimized breeding protocol and showed cultural potential across various geographic locations in coastal states.
  • Phase-I of the program is launched under the Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana (PMMSY) under the Central sector scheme to establish a National Genetic Improvement Facility for shrimp breeding.

The Genetic Improvement Facility:

  • Genetic improvement of aquaculture species will provide promise in improving production.
  • Strains of several species that grow faster, exhibit greater disease resistance, and have other more favourable characteristics for aquaculture have been produced through selective breeding.

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