New maternal nutrition scheme launched in Gujarat
Polity & Governance
29th Jun, 2022
Two maternal nutrition schemes have been launched by the Prime Minister in Gujarat as ‘Mukhyamantri Matrushakti Yojana’ and ‘Poshan Sudha Yojana’.
Key Highlights of the scheme
- Objective: To provide nutritious food to pregnant and lactating women and their new born children during the first 1000 days.
- Scope: It is a pilot project for 10 talukas of five tribal dominated
- Fund allocation: 800 crores will be spent under the scheme.
- Components: Under this scheme, pregnant and lactating mothers, free of cost, will be given:
- Two kg gram
- One kg tur dal
- One kg edible oil
- It will be distributed every month from the Anganwadi centers.
- Extended to tribal districts: The scheme has been extended up to 14 tribal dominated districts, which will help tribal women to curb from maternal mortality and Infant mortality in the state.
- Under this, they provide iron and calcium tablets to pregnant and lactating mothers of tribal districts and to educate them on nutrition.
- Mandate for benefits: Under this scheme, pregnant and lactating mothers registered in Anganwadis are provided complete nutritious food.
What is maternal mortality and Infant mortality Rate?
- Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) is defined as the number of maternal deaths during a given time per 1,00,000 live births during the same time.
- Causes of MMR: The major causes for maternal mortality are
- severe bleeding
- high blood pressure during pregnancy
- complications from delivery, and unsafe abortions
- Seven Indian states have very high maternal mortality: Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Bihar, Odisha and Assam.
- Infant Mortality Rate (IMR): This rate for a region is calculated by dividing the number of deaths of children less than 1 year old by the number of live births in a year times 1000.
Impact of poor maternal health
- Malnutrition and Anemia during pregnancy can hinder the development of the foetus and the health of the baby can deteriorate.
- Spread of diseases: Diseases like Uterus cancer, Haemorrhage, Infections and even loss of life can be experienced if proper care is not taken during or after pregnancy.
- Lack of nutrition and unhealthy livelihood is major reason for most of the deaths recorded after giving birth.
Precautions to be taken
- Proper Hygiene and Sanitation is important.
- Nutritious food during and after pregnancy is must.
- Nutrition supplements like Iron Folic Tablets and Calcium tablets can help to recover from Anemia and Weakness.
Other Central scheme for Maternal Health and children
- Janani Suraksha Yojana under the National Health Mission to link cash assistance to institutional deliveries
- The Pradhan Mantri Surakshit Matritva Abhiyan (PMSMA) provides a fixed day for assured, comprehensive and quality antenatal care free of cost to pregnant women on 9th of every month
- Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana
- Poshan Abhiyan
- LaQshya Guidelines
- SUMAlV- Surakshit Matritva Aashwasan
- Reproductive, Maternal, New-born, Child and Adolescent Health (RMNCH+A) framework