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New maternal nutrition scheme launched in Gujarat

  • Category
    Polity & Governance
  • Published
    29th Jun, 2022


Two maternal nutrition schemes have been launched by the Prime Minister in Gujarat as ‘Mukhyamantri Matrushakti Yojana’ and ‘Poshan Sudha Yojana’.


Key Highlights of the scheme

  • Objective: To provide nutritious food to pregnant and lactating women and their new born children during the first 1000 days.
  • Scope: It is a pilot project for 10 talukas of five tribal dominated
  • Fund allocation800 crores will be spent under the scheme.
  • Components: Under this scheme, pregnant and lactating mothers, free of cost, will be given:
  • Two kg gram
  • One kg tur dal
  • One kg edible oil
  • It will be distributed every month from the Anganwadi centers.
  • Extended to tribal districts: The scheme has been extended up to 14 tribal dominated districts, which will help tribal women to curb from maternal mortality and Infant mortality in the state.
  • Under this, they provide iron and calcium tablets to pregnant and lactating mothers of tribal districts and to educate them on nutrition.
  • Mandate for benefits: Under this scheme, pregnant and lactating mothers registered in Anganwadis are provided complete nutritious food.

What is maternal mortality and Infant mortality Rate?

  • Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) is defined as the number of maternal deaths during a given time per 1,00,000 live births during the same time.
  • Causes of MMR: The major causes for maternal mortality are
    • severe bleeding
    • infections
    • high blood pressure during pregnancy
    • anaemia
    • complications from delivery, and unsafe abortions
  • Seven Indian states have very high maternal mortality: Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Bihar, Odisha and Assam.
  • Infant Mortality Rate (IMR): This rate for a region is calculated by dividing the number of deaths of children less than 1 year old by the number of live births in a year times 1000.

Impact of poor maternal health

  • Malnutrition and Anemia during pregnancy can hinder the development of the foetus and the health of the baby can deteriorate.
  • Spread of diseases: Diseases like Uterus cancer, Haemorrhage, Infections and even loss of life can be experienced if proper care is not taken during or after pregnancy.
  • Lack of nutrition and unhealthy livelihood is major reason for most of the deaths recorded after giving birth.

Precautions to be taken

  • Proper Hygiene and Sanitation is important.
  • Nutritious food during and after pregnancy is must.
  • Nutrition supplements like Iron Folic Tablets and Calcium tablets can help to recover from Anemia and Weakness.

Other Central scheme for Maternal Health and children

  • Janani Suraksha Yojana under the National Health Mission to link cash assistance to institutional deliveries
  • The Pradhan Mantri Surakshit Matritva Abhiyan (PMSMA) provides a fixed day for assured, comprehensive and quality antenatal care free of cost to pregnant women on 9th of every month
  • Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana
  • Poshan Abhiyan
  • LaQshya Guidelines
  • SUMAlV- Surakshit Matritva Aashwasan
  • Reproductive, Maternal, New-born, Child and Adolescent Health (RMNCH+A) framework

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