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Petascale Supercomputer “PARAM Ganga”

  • Category
    Science & Technology
  • Published
    14th Mar, 2022

Context

Recently, a Made in India Petascale Supercomputer "PARAM Ganga" has been installed at IIT Roorkee.

About

About National Supercomputing Mission (NSM):

  • The Mission envisages empowering our national academic and R&D institutions spread over the country by installing a vast supercomputing grid comprising of more than 70 high-performance computing facilities.
  • These supercomputers will also be networked on the National Supercomputing grid over the National Knowledge Network (NKN).
    • The NKN is another programme of the government which connects academic institutions and R&D labs over a high speed network.
  • The National Supercomputing Mission (NSM) is being steered jointly by Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology (MeiTY) and the Department of Science and Technology (DST).
  • It is being implemented by Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC) and Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore.
  • The four major pillars of the NSM, namely, Infrastructure, Applications, R&D, HRD, have been functioning efficiently to realize the goal of developing indigenous supercomputing eco system of the nation.
  • Objective:
    • To make India one of the world leaders in Supercomputing and to enhance India’s capability in solving grand challenge problems of national and global relevance
    • To empower our scientists and researchers with state-of-the-art supercomputing facilities and enable them to carry out cutting-edge research in their respective domains
    • To minimize redundancies and duplication of efforts, and optimize investments in supercomputing
    • To attain global competitiveness and ensure self-reliance in the strategic area of supercomputing technology
  • Some of the large-scale applications which are being developed under NSM include the following.
    • NSM Platform for Genomics and Drug Discovery.
    • Urban Modelling: Science Based Decision Support Framework to Address Urban Environment Issues (Meteorology, Hydrology, Air Quality).
    • Flood Early Warning and Prediction System for River Basins of India.
    • HPC Software Suite for Seismic Imaging to aid Oil and Gas Exploration.
    • MPPLAB: Telecom Network Optimization.

About Supercomputer:

  • A supercomputer is a computer with a high level of performance compared to a general-purpose computer.
  • Performance of a supercomputer is measured in floating-point operations per second (FLOPS) instead of million instructions per second (MIPS).
  • Supercomputers contain tens of thousands of processors and can perform billions and trillions of calculations or computations per second.
  • Some supercomputers can perform up to a hundred quadrillion FLOPS.
  • Since information moves quickly between processors in a supercomputer (compared to distributed computing systems) they are ideal for real-time applications.
  • Supercomputers are used for data-intensive and computation-heavy scientific and engineering purposes such as quantum mechanics, weather forecasting, oil and gas exploration, molecular modeling, physical simulations, aerodynamics, nuclear fusion research and cryptoanalysis.

Fastest supercomputers: According to the TOP500 list, the world's fastest supercomputer is

  • Japan's Fugaku at a speed of 442 petaflops as of June 2021.
  • IBM supercomputers, Summit and Sierra, garner the second and third spots, clocking in at 148.8 and 94.6 petaflops, respectively.

India’s fastest Supercomputers:

As of June 2021 there are 3 systems based in India on the TOP500 supercomputer list.

Rank

Site

Name

89

Centre for Development of Advanced Computing

PARAM Siddhi-AI

107

Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology

Pratyush (Cray XC40)

187

National Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting

Mihir (Cray XC40)

 About “PARAM Ganga”:

  • The new system, designed and commissioned by the Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC) under the auspices of the NSM, will offer 1.66 (presumably peak) petaflops.

About National Knowledge Network (NKN):

  • National Knowledge Network (NKN) was established in 2010.
  • Its objective is to interconnect all institutions of higher learning and research with a high-speed data communication network.
  • It will be helpful to facilitate knowledge sharing and collaborative research.
  • Implementation: National Informatics Centre (NIC), under the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology, is the implementing agency.
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