Recently, the United States has stated that it is switching from decoupling to de-risking in its approach to China.
The Trump-era focus of the U.S. to decouple from China is being phased out by a new concept.
The U.S. has expressed that it is shifting its policy on China from decoupling to de-risking.
The EU has already declared that its approach to China will be based on de-risking.
What is ‘de-risking’?
United States administration stated that “decoupling” has been changed to “de-risking”.
De-risking: According to the U.S. National Security Advisor, “de-risking fundamentally means having resilient, effective supply chains and ensuring we cannot be subjected to the coercion of any other country”.
Objective: De-risking aims to limit such an effect only in areas where it undercuts the national security and industrial competence of the U.S.
Decoupling: It stands for an eventual reversal of the four-decade old project to enmesh the two economies.
When the U.S. and China diplomatic tiesestablished?
After the establishment of diplomatic ties between the S. and China in 1979, both the countries embarked on a path of increasing economic interdependence.
China gained immensely from this relationship, as it helped the country drastically widen and deepen its diplomatic and economic engagement with the rest of the world.
As China’s economic and military power grew, its ambition to challenge the primacy of the U.S. in the international system became increasingly apparent.
China’s rise not only came at the expense of America’s global clout, but also the latter’s domestic industry, which got “hollowed out” in its four-decade old economic embrace with China.
In order to understand the rationale behind the U.S.’s shift from decoupling to de-risking because: