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27th August 2022 (11 Topics)

Light tank ‘Zorawar’ for LAC


With the “increased threat” from China along India’s northern borders “likely to remain in the foreseeable future”, the Army is launching Project Zorawar — the induction of indigenous light tanks for quicker deployment and movement in high altitude areas.


Project Zorawar:

  • The project has been named ‘Zorawar’ after Zorawar Singh Kahluria, a military general who served under Jammu’s Raja Gulab Singh, known as the ‘conquerer of Ladakh’.  
  • The Army is looking at a light tank with a maximum weight of 25 tons — with a margin of 10 per cent — with the same firepower as its regular tanks.
  • The tank should be armed with Artificial Intelligence (AI), integration of tactical surveillance drones to provide a high degree of situational awareness and loitering munition, along with an active protection system.
  • An active protection system is designed to protect vehicles from anti-tank guided missiles and projectiles away from combat vehicles.  
  • It has been designed in such a way that it will be able to operate in varying terrain from High Altitude Area, island territories as well as marginal terrain.
  • The Army also wants the light tank to be amphibious, so it can be deployed across riverine regions and even the Pangong Tso Lake in Eastern Ladakh.

Why does the Indian Army need light tanks?

In the terrain along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) in eastern Ladakh, the Indian Army had to deploy heavier tanks like the T-72 which weighs around 45 tonnes and T-90 with a weight of around 46 tonnes, in the absence of light tanks.

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