Several new laws, passed by Parliament recently came into force after they received the assent of President Droupadi Murmu. An official gazette notification in this regard was issued by the government.
The legislations that become operational are the
Jan Vishwas (Amendment of Provisions) Act, 2023
The Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi (Amendment) Act, 2023
The Digital Personal Data Protection Act, 2023
The Registration of Births and Deaths (Amendment) Act, 2023
The Indian Institutes of Management (Amendment) Act, 2023
The National Dental Commission Act, 2023
The Offshore Areas Mineral (Development and Regulation) Amendment Act, 2023
Prior to the above the following new laws also became effective:
The Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Amendment Act, 2023
The Cinematograph (Amendment) Act, 2023
The Forest (Conservation) Amendment Act, 2023
The Constitution (Scheduled Tribes) Order (Second Amendment) Act, 2023
The Constitution (Scheduled Tribes) Order (Amendment) Act, 2023
The Multi State Cooperative Societies Amendment Act 2023
The Biological Diversity (Amendment) Act, 2023
How a Bill becomes an Act?
The Indian Constitution under Article 246 and Schedule VII granted the power to the Parliament and State Legislatures to make laws.
The constitution of Indiagives the various stages to pass the Bill.
The Bill when passed from both the houses of the parliament and take the assent from the President of India, Bill becomes the “Act of Legislature” or “A Statute”.
Types of bills passed in the Parliament: ordinary bill, money bill, financial bill and Constitutional Amendment Bill etc.
Types of Bills
Ordinary Bill (Article 107 & 108)
It is concerned with law making on matters other than money.
Money Bill (Article 110)
The Bill deals with matter other than financial subjects.
Financial Bill (Article 117 (1), Article 117(3))
It is concerned with financial matters (taxation, public expenditure etc)
Constitution Amendment Bill (Article 368)
It is concerned with the amendment of the provisions of the Constitution.
Ordinance Replacing Bill (Article 123)
The bill is introduced before the Parliament to replace an ordinance with or without amendments promulgated by the President