“Electric Vehicle Initiative” is a multi-governmental policy forum established in 2010 under the Clean Energy Ministerial (CEM). Recognising the opportunities offered by EVs, the EVI is dedicated to accelerating the adoption of EVs worldwide. Facilitate exchanges between governments aiming at support and development of EV’s. The International Energy Agency (IEA) serves as the co-ordinator to support the EVI member governments in this activity.
The EVI also helps to raise the ambition levels for electric mobility worldwide through the linked CEM campaigns of EV30@30 and Global Commercial Vehicle Drive to Zero Campaign, each endorsed by different members.
An electric vehicle (EV) is one that operates on an electric motor, instead of an internal-combustion engine that generates power by burning a mix of fuel and gases
There are 4 types of electric vehicles (EV);
EVs are typically comprised of 4 main elements.
- An onboard charger that converts household AC power to DC
- Batteries that store the charged electricity
- An inverter for controlling the flow of electricity from the battery to the motor
- Motors that convert the electricity into propulsion power
Conventional cars are equipped with an engine that runs on energy generated by burning fossil fuel. EVs replace the gas and engine with electricity and motors.
Based upon the Green credentials of electric car it can be said how efficient an electronic car is compared to the petrol/diesel car, where EV still has lower carbon emissions. And, Research by European Energy agency found electricity generation to fuel an EV is around 17-30% low than that of a diesel or petrol car carbon emission.
EVs can also help in dealing with noise pollution, especially in cities where speeds are generally low. As electric cars are far quieter than conventional vehicles, driving electric creates a more peaceful environment for us all.
A study from the “Massachusetts Institute of Technology Energy Initiative” found that the battery and fuel production for an EV generates higher emissions than the manufacturing of an automobile. But those higher environmental costs are offset by EVs’ superior energy efficiency over time.
On the other hand,
According to the data gathered by Radiant Energy Group (REG) carbon emissions from coal based power generating countries generate more carbon emissions during battery and fuel production for EV’s. At the same time, Nuclear powered and hydro powered countries generate less carbon emissions during the production of fuel to EV. Example: Switzerland (100%), Norway (98%), Sweden (95%) according to study by REG.
Lack of renewable energy storage means the amount of carbon saved by driving an EV depends heavily on the charge time of recharge.
EVs rely on rechargeable lithium-ion batteries to run. The process of making those batteries from using mining raw materials like cobalt and lithium, to production in gig factories and transportation is energy-intensive, and one of the biggest sources of carbon emissions from EVs today but EV’s are greener options because of emission reduction over the car’s lifetime.
The emissions created during the production of an electric car tend to be higher than a conventional car. This is due to the manufacture of lithium ion batteries which are an essential part of an electric where more than 1/3rd of lifetime carbon emission is generated while manufacturing an EV.
Hence, it can be said that EV’s are still eco-friendly compared to conventional vehicles as the carbon emissions from the conventional vehicles are more when compared on longer time line. The alternative to curb the little emission can be as follows: Reuse and recycle of batteries where use of second hand batteries will have a great impact on curbing carbon emissions to a little extent which will reduce the lifetime environmental impact of battery manufacture.
Advantages of EV's
It is necessary for shift towards E-vehicles due to modern day climatic conditions, The Global warming and climate change are being major challenges to the entire species on earth so it is imperative for a shift that stride us towards sustainable development. Even the risk factor still prevail it is better to do something than nothing to save the earth form the destruction. The responsibility is on every one shoulder to fight against climate change and strive towards sustainable development.
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