Sub-schemes under ICDS

The ICDS Services is India’s response to the challenge of meeting the holistic need of the child. The ICDS is one of the world’s largest and most unique outreach programme for early childhood care and development. It symbolizes India’s commitment to its children.

Objectives of ICDS

• Improve the nutritional and health status of children below the age of six years.
• Lay the foundation for the proper psychological, physical and social.
• Reduce the incidence of mortality, morbidity malnutrition and school dropouts.
• Achieve effective coordinates of policy and implementation among various departments to promote child development.
• Enhance the capability of the mother to look after the normal health and nutritional needs of child, through proper health and nutrition education.

Services of ICDS

• Health Check-ups
• Immunisation
• Growth Promotion and Supplementary Feeding
• Referral Services
• Early Childhood Care and Pre-school Education
• Nutrition and Health Education

The ongoing schemes have been rationalized by the Government in financial year 2016-17 and have been brought under Umbrella ICDS as its sub-schemes. These sub-schemes need to be continued for delivering the child related services to the intended beneficiaries. The aims of these schemes are as under:

a) Anganwadi Services (ICDS) aims at holistic development of children under the age of six years and its beneficiaries are children of this age group and Pregnant Women & Lactating Mothers.
b) The objective of the Scheme for Adolescent Girls is to facilitate, educate and empower Adolescent Girls so as to enable them to become self-reliant and aware citizens through improved nutrition and health status, promoting awareness about health, hygiene, nutrition, mainstreaming out of school AGs into formal/non formal education and providing information/guidance about existing public services.
c) The objectives of Child Protection Services are to provide safe and secure environment for children in conflict with law and children in need of care and protection, reduce vulnerabilities through a wide range of social protection measures, prevent actions that lead to abuse, neglect, exploitation, abandonment and separation of children from families etc., bring focus on non-institutional care, develop a platform for partnership between Government & Civil Society and establish convergence of child related social protection services.
d) National Creche Scheme aims at providing a safe place for mothers to leave their children while they are at work, and thus, is a measure for empowering women as it enables them to take up employment. At the same time, it is also an intervention towards protection and development of children in the age group of 6 months to 6 years.

Practice question:

1. Consider the following statements about thesteps taken by GOI to improve Healthcare in Rural India:
1. Mobile Medical Units has been set up to ensure community participation and village level planning and monitoring of health activities
2. Village Health, Sanitation and Nutrition Committees has been set up for improved service delivery especially in hard to reach areas.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

a) Only 1

b) Only 2

c) Both

d) None

Ans: d
Exp: States/UTs are supported with Mobile Medical Units for improved service delivery especially in hard to reach areas. States/UTs are assisted to constitute Village Health, Sanitation and Nutrition Committees so as to ensure community participation and village level planning and monitoring of health activities.