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DATA STORY : Irrigation in India

  • Published
    14th Mar, 2022

Out of about 141 million hectare of net area sown in the country, about 65 million hectare (or 45 percent) is presently covered under irrigation. Substantial dependence on rainfall makes cultivation in unirrigated areas a high-risk, less productive profession. Empirical evidence suggests that assured or protective irrigation encourages farmers to invest more in farming technology and inputs leading to productivity enhancement and increased farm income. 

The overarching vision of Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY) will be to ensure access to some means of protective irrigation to all agricultural farms in the country, to produce “per drop – more crop”, thus bringing much desired rural prosperity. 

Objectives of the Scheme:

  • Achieve convergence of investments in irrigation at the field level (preparation of district level and, if required, sub-district level water use plans). 
  • Enhance the physical access of water on the farm and expand cultivable area under assured irrigation (Har Khet Ko Pani). 
  • Enhance the adoption of precision irrigation and other water-saving technologies (Per Drop - More Crop). 
  • Enhance recharge of aquifers and introduce sustainable water conservation practices. 
  • Ensure the integrated development of rain-fed areas using the watershed approach towards soil and water conservation, regeneration of groundwater, arresting runoff, providing livelihood options and other Natural Resource Management (NRM) activities. 

This data story aims to highlight the statistics of irrigated areas in India.

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