Civil services exam is an exam that encompass several subjects. Over the years the significance of Geography has increased in UPSC Prelims and mains exam. From Previous Year Papers of Prelims Exam it is evident that a number of questions have been asked from geography. 12-13 questions have been asked from Geography section in previous year papers. The areas that have been targeted from geography comprise of major section of Indian Geography in which physiographical regions, monsoon, agriculture and industries have remained of vital importance. As far as industrial regions are concerned about 1-2 questions are asked every year. In today’s article we will discuss the strategy and planning pertaining to this portion of Geography.
Before discussing the strategy and methodology to cover this area lets understand few things first such as What is an Industrial Region, what are the factors responsible for formation of Industrial Regions In India and major Industrial Regions of India. Multiple indicators are responsible for the clustering of industries such as the number of industrial units number of industrial workers, quantum of power used for industrial purposes, total industrial output and value added by manufacturing, etc. India has seen rise of several industrial regions. Prominent regions among them are Mumbai- Pune cluster, Bangalore-Tamil Nadu region, Hugli region, Ahmedabad-Baroda region, Chottanagpur industrial belt, Vishakhapatnam-Guntur belt, Gurgaon-Delhi-Meerut region and the Kollam Thiruvanathapuram industrial cluster. Some of these clusters came into existence before the independence and some came into prominence after India got freedom in 1947.
After getting a glimpse of Industrial Regions lets have a look at the possible resources and strategy to approach this section. Before covering this section its important to understand nature and type of questions that are often asked in the exam. The prelims exam asks matching type questions or questions based on maps . Based on this information one need to go through the NCERT Books and a good atlas and mark all important industrial regions and clusters on this map. Map practice could be quite useful in this regard. There are some industrial regions that remain in news due to some reason, these industrial regions should be noted down somewhere or make a table of these. These notes could be useful during revision and could be recalled in exams easily.
However this entire practice could be shortened by referring to Prelims Sampoorna Fact File On Industrial Regions. This fact file is a compilation of several industrial regions in India that could be fruitful from exam point of view. This fact file has been released by GS Score one of The Top IAS Coachings in India. This factfile has been designed by a team of experienced scholars and teachers having experience of multiple years in the field of IAS Teaching. This fact file remains useful not only in Prelims Exam but in other levels of exam also. The fact file is quite useful during revision of the exam also. The fact file has been written in lucid and bullet form that is easy to grasp and assimilate.
Verifying, please be patient.