Bhupendra Patel was recently elected the new Chief Minister of Gujarat.
Consider the following statements regarding a Chief Minister:
He/she holds office during the pleasure of the Governor.
A member of State Legislative Council is not eligible for the office of chief minister.
He/she acts as the Chairman of the Zonal Council.
Which of the above statement(s) is/are correct?
Correct Option: A
Statement 2 is incorrect: According to the Constitution, the Chief Minister may be a member of any of the two Houses of a state legislature. Usually Chief Ministers have been selected from the Lower House (legislative assembly), but, on a number of occasions, a member of the Upper House (legislative council) has also been appointed as Chief Minister.
For example, C Rajagopalachari in Madras (now Tamil Nadu) in 1952, Morarji Desai in Bombay (now Maharashtra) in 1952, CB Gupta in UP in 1960 and BP Mandal in Bihar in 1968 were appointed as Chief Ministers, while they were members of the state legislative council.
Statement 3 is incorrect: He/she acts as a vice-chairman of the concerned zonal council by rotation, holding office for a period of one year at a time.
‘The Constitution envisages a cooperative and collaborative relationship between the institutions of the Chief Minister and the Governor of a state.’ Discuss the statement in light of recent events involving this relationship. (150 Words)
In the introduction, briefly state the articles of the Constitution that govern the relationship of Governor and Chief Minister.
Briefly describe the ideal relationship that should exist between Governor and CM considering provisions of Constitutions.
Enumerate recent events that have brought the relationship into the news, and how they go against the Constitutional mandate.
Briefly state various steps taken by the Government to improve the relationship.
Conclude by SC Judgment or recommendation of Commissions etc.