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Forest Rights Act, 2006

  • Published
    17th Sep, 2021

GS-II: Polity & Governance

  • Issues related to development, Issues related to SCs & STs
Context

The Jammu and Kashmir government has recently decided to implement the Forest Rights Act, 2006, which will elevate the socio-economic status of a sizeable section of the 14 lakh population of tribals and nomadic communities, including Gujjar-Bakerwals and Gaddi-Sippis in the Union Territory.

Prelims question:

With reference to Forest Rights Act, 2006, consider the following statements:

  1. The symbiotic relationship between forests and forest-dwelling communities was first recognized under FRA, 2006.
  2. Gram Panchayat determines the nature and extent of individual and community forest rights as per the act.
  3. The act provides for a right to intellectual property over traditional knowledge related to biodiversity.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.

Mains Question:

The Forest Rights Act, 2006 has promised the tribals their rightful access to the traditional forests, however, its implementation has many lacunae. Discuss. (150 Words)

Approach:

  • In the introduction, give a brief overview of the Forest Rights Act, 2006 highlighting the rights the Act provides to tribals.
  • Enumerate how the Act has benefited the tribals
  • Enumerate the lacunes in its implementation
  • Way Forward and Conclusion

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