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IPCC Report warns for reduction in Arctic Permafrost due to global warming

  • Published
    16th Sep, 2021

GS-III: Environment

  •  Climate Change
Context

The latest IPCC report has recently warned that increasing global warming will result in reductions in Arctic permafrost and the thawing of the ground is expected to release greenhouse gases like methane and carbon dioxide.

Prelims question:

Which of the following can be the possible impacts of thawing of permafrost due to global warming?

  1. Release of greenhouse gases like methane and carbon dioxide
  2. Creation of a feedback loop resulting into more warming
  3. Risk to industrial infrastructure and housing development
  4. Release of new bacteria and viruses

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

  • A.
  • B.
  • C.
  • D.

Mains Question:

The thawing of permafrost will have wide-ranging impacts on human beings. Discuss. (150 Words)

Approach:

  • In the introduction, give a brief definition of Permafrost, and show its geographical location throughout the world
  • Describe what is thawing and why thawing has increased recently
  • Enumerate the impacts that thawing will have on global climate
  • Discuss steps that can be taken to limit the negative impacts of thawing
  • Way Forward / Conclusion

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