What's New :
Open Session for INTEGRATED PREPARATION for Prelims and Mains. Register Now

ISRO’s new hybrid propulsion system

  • Published
    22nd Sep, 2022

The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has successfully tested a hybrid motor, potentially paving the way for a new propulsion system for the forthcoming launch vehicles.


About the tested hybrid motor:

  • The test was conducted at ISRO Propulsion Complex (IPRC) at Mahendragiri in Tamil Nadu supported by Liquid Propulsion Systems Centre (LPSC).
  • The motor used Hydroxyl-terminated polybutadiene (HTPB) as fuel and liquid oxygen (LOX) as the oxidiser.

  • While both HTPB and LOX are green, LOX is safer to handle.
  • The hybrid motor demonstrated ignition and sustained combustion for the intended duration of 15 seconds. 


  • The 30 kN hybrid motor is scalable and stackable.
  • The use of liquids helps throttling and the control over the flow rate of LOX enables the re-start capability.
  • Unlike solid-solid or liquid-liquid combinations, a hybrid motor uses solid fuel and liquid oxidiser.

ISRO Propulsion Complex (IPRC)

  • ISRO Propulsion Complex (IPRC) formerly Liquid Propulsion Systems Centre, Mahendragiri (LPSC-M), is located near Kanyakumari at Mahendragiri Hills, Tamil Nadu.
  • It is the major testing hub of ISRO's liquid propulsion systems. 
  • The role of IPRC is to carry out research for the development of liquid propulsion systems both for Satellites and Satellite Launch Vehicles.
  • IPRC is equipped with state of the art facilities for the assembly, integration and testing of liquid propulsion systems.
  • It is responsible for the development, qualification and acceptance testing of sub-systems and systems for launch vehicles and spacecraft projects.
GS Classes 2024 GS Classes 2024 GS Classes 2024 UPSC Study Material

Verifying, please be patient.

Enquire Now