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Disaster preparedness with reference to Odisha

  • Category
    Disaster Management
  • Published
    31st May, 2019
  • Extremely severe cyclonic storm Fani affected 1.5 crore people in nine districts of Odisha since making landfall near Puri on May 3, 2019 morning.
  • It was the strongest tropical cyclone to strike the Indian state of Odisha since Phailin in 2013.

Issue

Context

  • Extremely severe cyclonic storm Fani affected 1.5 crore people in nine districts of Odisha since making landfall near Puri on May 3, 2019 morning.
  • It was the strongest tropical cyclone to strike the Indian state of Odisha since Phailin in 2013.
  • Though IMD and Odisha government did a good job, but could have done better. It also raise the debate over Disaster preparedness in the country.

About:

Natural disaster

  • A natural disaster is an act of nature of such magnitude as to create a catastrophic situation in which the day-to-day patterns of life are suddenly disrupted.
  • People are plunged into helplessness and suffering, and, as a result, need food, clothing, shelter, medical and nursing care and other necessities of life.
  • Disaster is dynamic, and with the climate change situation, the intensity and frequency of disaster is changing.

Background:

  • Learning its lessons from the super-cyclone of 1999 which claimed 10,000 lives in Odisha, the eastern state has, over the years, emerged as a role model in disaster preparedness.
  • With decades of positive intervention by the government, civil society groups, and NGOs, the state has received praise from numerous national and international organizations, including the United Nations.

Disaster Management: Structure at National Level

  • The NDMA is the central policy making body for disaster management. Under the Disaster Management Act, 2005, it has an Advisory Committee comprising experts in the field of disaster management.
  • The National Plan for disaster management is meant to include measures for disaster prevention, mitigation, preparedness, responsibilities of different Ministries, etc.
  • It is to be prepared by the National Executive Committee (NEC) and approved by the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA).
  • Under the Act, the NEC is responsible for coordinating response in case of a disaster, preparing the National Plan for disaster management, monitoring implementation of disaster management guidelines, etc.
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