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India and World War- I

  • Category
    History & Culture
  • Published
    6th Dec, 2018

November 11 is the centenary of Armistice Day– a memorial day observed in Commonwealth of Nations member states since the end of the war.

Issue

Context:

  • November 11 is the centenary of Armistice Day– a memorial day observed in Commonwealth of Nations member states since the end of the war.
  • Vice President of India M. Venkaiah Naidu inaugurated the first India-built war memorial in northern France at the Armistice of World War I centenary commemoration to pay tribute to thousands of Indian soldiers who fought and made sacrifices during the World War I.

Background

World War 1

  • It was one of the greatest watersheds of the 20th century geopolitical history. While the war was contained to the period from 1914 to 1918, it continued to define the status of world politics until the Second World War.
  • It entangled almost all of Europe, the Middle East, and Russia, and from 1917, also the United States of America.
  • The 'central powers' entailing Germany, Austria-Hungary and Turkey (the Ottoman Empire) were defeated against the 'allies' France, Great Britain, Russia, Italy, Japan and United States.
  • World War I ended on November 11, 1918 at the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month. This day marks 100 years of the Great War ending.
  • The Treaty of Versailles signed on June 28, 1919, officially put an end to World War I.
  • World War I ended the first era of globalization. It was followed by three decades of economic misery thanks to the collapse of global trade, a rising tide of protectionism and deep recessions in several countries.
  • The balance of global economic power began to shift as the US and Japan made a deeper impact on the world economy.

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