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India, China ink first-ever internal security cooperation agreement

  • Category
    World Affairs
  • Published
    29th Oct, 2018
  • India and China signed their first ever internal security cooperation agreement marking a new beginning in bilateral relations.
  • Through the agreement, both ensured support to each other in dealing with problems of terrorism, human trafficking, and smuggling of drugs and arms beside others.
  • The move comes just a year after a two-month-long border stand-off between the India Army and the China’s People’s Liberation Army at Doklam on the India-Bhutan-China tri-junction.

Issue

Context:

  • India and China signed their first ever internal security cooperation agreement marking a new beginning in bilateral relations.
  • Through the agreement, both ensured support to each other in dealing with problems of terrorism, human trafficking, and smuggling of drugs and arms beside others.
  • The move comes just a year after a two-month-long border stand-off between the India Army and the China’s People’s Liberation Army at Doklam on the India-Bhutan-China tri-junction.

About:

  • During the meeting, India has also asked China-
  • To support its pending application in the UN to designate Pakistan-based Masood Azhar, leader of the Jaish-e-Mohammed terror group, as a global terrorist. In the past, China—a veto-wielding permanent member of the UN Security Council—has opposed India’s proposal to list Azhar as a global terrorist. 
  • To not give shelter to hardline ULFA leader Paresh Baruah. India’s mention of Baruah to China comes in the backdrop of reports stating that United Liberation Front of Assam (ULFA) leader Baruah had been making frequent trips to China. During the seventies, when insurgency was at its peak in the north-east, the extremist leaders often got training and shelter in China.
  • Chinese concerns included insurgency in Xinjiang by Uighur extremists. In the absence of an extradition treaty with China, the two countries have not exchanged each other’s sentenced prisoners, but this pact may change that. There are at least 10 Indians in Chinese prisons and an equal number of Chinese citizens in Indian prisons.

Background:

India-China Relations: India China relations are primarily defined by trust deficit between them. Relations have gone through a tumultuous phase in the last few years.  There have been a series of disputes between the two countries, including China’s fervent opposition to India’s potential membership in the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG); Beijing’s shielding of Pakistan and blocking Indian efforts within the UN to designate the Pakistan-based terrorist, Masood Azhar, head of Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM), as a global terrorist; the Doklam crisis that went on for more than two months last summer; and India’s open opposition to China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI).

Wuhan reset: Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Chinese President Xi Jinping held an informal summit in Wuhan, China, in April this year which helped repair bilateral ties. The Wuhan summit has set the tone of the Sino-Indian relations in the current period. It is aimed at getting the two countries to manage the difficult areas of their relationship and find areas of convergence, and also promote better coordination between them. The summit also sends an important signal globally, that the two countries are quite capable of handling their differences through dialogue and discussion.

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