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India’s first national security strategy

Published: 10th Nov, 2023


The National Security Council Secretariat (NSCS) is going to draft a comprehensive National Security Strategy in consultation with several Central ministries and departments.

  • The final draft has been put forward for the Cabinet’s approval.


  • This is the first time that India will come out with a national security strategy.
  • Objective: The document is aimed at putting together India’s national security objectives and the ways to be adopted to achieve or realise them.
  • The strategy may include other stakeholders to tackle the many non-traditional threats and vulnerabilities identified across domains such as civil society organisations, academia, media, think tanks and other institutions.

 Why it’s needed?

  • Given the complex nature of the various traditional and non-traditional threats, especially when rising geopolitical tensions have given way to uncertainties; it was felt that there was an urgent need to draft a national security strategy.
  • This would draw in from the comprehensive national power of the country.
  • A National Security Strategy document outlines the country’s security objectives and the ways to be adopted to achieve these.
  • Significance:
  • It would help in optimal utilisation of the military’s resources for future wars and operations. Without such a well-defined strategy, military reforms would be like “putting the cart before the horse”.

Process and stake holders

  • Several Central ministries and other stakeholders have their roles cut out for the various facets of national security, the vulnerabilities and threats and the ways to plug them. it would be updated regularly, based on emerging situations and newer threat assessments.
  • Document will consolidate and put together the challenges and threats unique to India and develop strategies to address them in the immediate and near future. This could include earmarking of resources, considering the existing internal and global situation.

Importance in contemporary Period

  • Deterrence: A well-defined strategy acts as a deterrent against potential adversaries. It sends a clear message that any hostile actions will be met with a strong and organized response, which can help prevent conflicts.
  • Resource Allocation: A National Security Strategy helps in the efficient allocation of resources. It prioritizes various security needs, helping the government allocate budgetary resources to strengthen defense capabilities, intelligence agencies, and disaster management.
  • Counterterrorism: Given India's vulnerability to terrorism, a National Security Strategy is essential for counterterrorism efforts. It outlines the measures to combat terrorism, including intelligence sharing, law enforcement, and border security.
  • Cybersecurity: In the digital age, cybersecurity is a crucial aspect of national security. A strategy provides a framework for protecting critical infrastructure, sensitive information, and maintaining the integrity of cyberspace.
  • Disaster Management: Natural disasters and pandemics can also pose significant threats to national security. A strategy includes measures for disaster preparedness, response, and recovery.
  • Economic Security: National security is closely linked to economic security. A strategy considers economic stability and prosperity as vital components of security, addressing issues such as trade, energy security, and critical infrastructure protection.
  • Geopolitical Influence: A well-crafted strategy can enhance India's influence and standing in the global geopolitical arena. It allows India to assert its interests effectively and contribute to regional and global security.


National Security Strategy is essential for India's safety, prosperity, and influence on the global stage. It provides a roadmap for addressing a wide range of security challenges, from traditional military threats to emerging issues such as cyber security and climate change. By formulating and implementing an effective strategy, India can better protect its citizens and interests while contributing to regional and global stability.

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