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Mura-Drava-Danube (MDD) biosphere reserve

Published: 21st Sep, 2021


Recently, the UNESCO designated Mura-Drava-Danube (MDD) as the world’s first ‘five-country biosphere reserve’.

About Mura-Drava-Danube (MDD):

  • This area crossing the biosphere boundaries runs along the Drava, Mura and Danube Rivers, which are separated by flood proof dyes in the floodplain and floodplain.
  • Nature reserves provide an important tool for learning the various methods of flood management.
  • The park covers 700 kilometres of the Mura, Drava and Danube rivers and extends to Austria, Slovenia, Croatia, Hungary and Serbia.
  • The complete park area in the ‘Amazon of Europe’, makes it one of the most protected river areas on the continent.


  • Different Types of Earth: The Park is home to floodplains, gravel and sandy beaches, river islands, oxen and meadows.
  • Flowers & Animals: It is home to the highest European continent of white breeding eagles with a white tail (more than 150 pairs).
  • Many endangered species such as the small tern, black stork, otter, beaver, and sturgeon are also found here.
  • It is also an important resting place for the annual migration of more than 250,000 migratory birds, according to the WWF.
  • Population: About 900,000 people live in the reserve.


  • Adoption in Sustainable Environmental Efforts: This new park represents an important contribution to the European Green Deal.
  • It also has an impact on the implementation of the EU Biodiversity Strategy in the Mura-Drava-Danube region.
  • The purpose of Jesus
  • Rehabilitation of 25,000 miles of rivers once
  • Protecting 30 percent of the European Union by 2030.
  • Push to Promote Sustainable Business Actions
  • The adoption of the MDD was the mandate of all five countries to jointly promote the protection and rehabilitation of the Mura-Drava-Danube area.
  • Cooperation of the Natural Cross
  • The Interred Danube Transnational Program funded by the Amazon of Europe Bike Trail project is an example of international efforts to promote environmentally friendly practices.
  • The project is a long-distance cycling route that covers the world areas of the Mura, Drava and Danube rivers over 1,250 km.
  • When you book this cycling trip, a portion of the money spent directly on the region's conservation programs.

Related Information

Biosphere Reserves in India

  • Presently, there are 18 Biosphere Reserves in India, among which 12 Biosphere reserves in India find their place in UNESCO’s List of Man & Biosphere Reserves Programme.
  • The latest included under the MAB was ‘Panna Biosphere Reserve’ (Madhya Pradesh).
  • There are 727 biosphere reserves in 131 countries, including 22 Tran’s boundary sites.
  • Three Main Zones:
  • Core Areas: It comprises a strictly protected zone that contributes to the conservation of landscapes, ecosystems, species and genetic variation.
  • Buffer Zones: It surrounds or adjoins the core area(s), and is used for activities compatible with sound ecological practices that can reinforce scientific research, monitoring, training and education.
  • Transition Area: The transition area is where communities foster socio-culturally and ecologically sustainable economic and human activities.

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