28th Apr, 2023
There has been a terrorist attack on an army vehicle in Jammu and Kasmir’s Poonch, in which the country has lost 5 of its brave soldiers in this terrorist attack.
Who is responsible for the attack?
- The attack was carried out by the People's Anti-Fascist Front (PAFF), a terror organisation supported by the Jaish.
What is the People’s Anti-Fascist Front (PAFF)?
- The People’s Anti-Fascist Front (PAFF) is a military group engaged in the current conflict in Jammu and Kashmir between Kashmiri separatists and Indian security forces.
- India asserts that it’s a division of the Lashkra-e-taiba.
- PAFF organisation was discussed for the first time when Article 370 was removed in J&K in 2019.
Increasing terrorism in India
- India ranks 13thon The Global Terrorism Index (GTI). The GTI report is produced by the Institute for Economics & Peace (IEP), a think tank, using data from Terrorism Tracker and other sources.
Framework for Combating Terrorism in India:
- India recently hosted a special meeting of the UNSC's Counter Terrorism Committee (CTC), with theme of 'Countering the use of new and emerging technologies for terrorist purposes'.
- India also hosted the meeting of “No Money For Terror“, which was initiative of the French government, to specifically focus on cooperation between countries to choke terror funding.
- In August 2019, the Unlawful Activities Prevention Act of 1967 was revised to include the ability to label individuals as terrorists.
- National Investigation Agency is the lead law enforcement investigative agency to combat terrorism.
- The National Investigation Agency (NIA) Act of 2008 has been amended by the Indian Parliament to give NIA the ability to investigate terrorism cases overseas.
Why erasing terror is becoming a challenge?
- Increased freelancers: Radicalised individuals, also called ‘lone wolves’, ‘DIY’ or ‘freelancer’ terrorists are now committing random acts of terrorist violence.
- Dark net: Terrorist have expandedthe use of The Onion Router (TOR)-enabled darknet for propaganda, and recruitment on encrypted chat forums and platforms beyond the gaze of the security agencies.
- Evolving tech, evolving terror: Advancing and emerging technologies like autonomous systems, 3D printing and deep fake potentially offer the terrorists prospects for weaponisation.