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Rattled by China, U.S. and allies are beefing up defenses in the Pacific

  • Category
    International Relations
  • Published
    24th Feb, 2023

Other Important Seas Shaping Geopolitics

As sites of trade, migration, and warfare, the world’s seas are natural geopolitical hotspots.

  • Black Sea
  • Red Sea
  • Mediterranean Sea
  • Baltic Sea


The provocative actions taken by China, North Korea and Russia have prompted the United States and its closest allies in the Indo-Pacific to ramp up military capabilities and deepen their cooperation. 


What prompted US to ramp up activities in Indo-Pacific Ocean?

  • North Korea’s record number of missile launches last year
  • Beijing’s “no limits” relationship with Moscow
  • China’s unrelenting expansion of militarized air bases in the South China Sea
  • Chinese spy balloon spotted over sensitive nuclear sites in Montana

How US allies are working towards the goal?

  • Japan: In December, Japan announced it will massively hike its defense budgetand buy U.S.-made Tomahawk cruise missiles.
  • Philippines: The Philippines would allow U.S. troops to access four additional military sitesin the country.
  • Australia: The country is expected to unveil a path forward to acquire nuclear-powered submarines with the help of the United States and Britain — a plan that is likely to include rotational deployment of U.S. submarines in Australia to help the navy there train its crews.

What is India’s stand?

  • India, an important partner in the Biden administration’s Indo-Pacific strategy, has been willing to cooperate with the United States in military exercises and most recently in defense technology.
  • But, keen to preserve its policy of strategic autonomy, it has avoided becoming part of any multilateral security arrangement or joining any coalition to pressure Russia or China.

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