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The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment Bill, 2019

  • Category
    Polity & Governance
  • Published
    22nd Jul, 2019

In a move that may result in India designating individual terrorist like Jaish-e-Mohammad (JeM) chief Maulana Masood Azhar and LeT’s Hafiz Saeed, the union home ministry introduced the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment Bill, 2019 

Issue

Context

In a move that may result in India designating individual terrorist like Jaish-e-Mohammad (JeM) chief Maulana Masood Azhar and LeT’s Hafiz Saeed, the union home ministry introduced the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment Bill, 2019  

Background

  •  The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967 (the Act) was enacted to provide for more effective prevention of certain unlawful activities of individuals and associations, and for dealing with terrorist activities, and for matters connected therewith.
  • The said Act has been amended in the years 2004, 2008 and 2013 to add certain provisions relating to various facets of terrorism.
  • Its main objective is to make powers available for dealing with activities directed against the integrity and sovereignty of India.
  • The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment Bill, 2011 was introduced to make it more effective in preventing unlawful activities, and meet commitments made at the Financial Action Task Force (an intergovernmental organization to combat money laundering and terrorism financing).
  • It expands the definition of ‘terrorist act’ to Acts that threaten the economic security of India and damage its monetary stability by production, smuggling or circulation of ‘high quality’ counterfeit currency.  The security features that define ‘high quality’ are laid down in the Third Schedule.
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