What's New :

National Surveillance Programme on Fish Diseases scheme

  • Published
    1st Mar, 2023

The Union Minister of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying has launched schemes for Genetic improvement, disease surveillance, Aquaculture and increasing fish species.

  • The three programmes launched include;
    • Genetic Improvement Programme of Indian White Shrimp (Penaeusindicus),
    • National Surveillance Programme on Fish Diseases, launching of aquaculture insurance product and,
    • A Genetic Improvement Facility.
  • Need of the initiative:
    • To strengthen the farmer-based disease surveillance system,
    • Disease cases in fish can be reported easily,
    • For investigation and scientific support is provided to the farmers.

Status of the fishing industry in India:

  • India is the third largest fish-producing country with a fish production of 14.73 million metric tonnes.
  • India is one of the largest exporters of farmed shrimp which is around 7 lakh tonnes.

The Numbers:

  • The West Coast produces 59% while the East Coast generates 41% of total marine fish.
  • Gujarat, with 19% of the total marine fish production, is the leading marine fish-producing State followed by Andhra Pradesh (16.4%) and Tamil Nadu (13.5%).
    • Andhra Pradesh (27.4%) and West Bengal (13.8%) combined produce nearly 41% of the country’s total fish production.

National Surveillance Programme for Aquatic Animal Diseases (NSPAAD):

  • The government of India is implementing the NSPAAD since 2013.
  • Aim: The scheme focuses on improving the farmer-based disease surveillance system. Thus the disease cases are reported immediately.
  • Consequently, the disease gets investigated and scientific support is provided to the farmers.
  • Department of Fisheries sanctioned the NSPAAD: Phase-II under the Pradhan MantriMatsyaSampada Yojana programme to continue the efforts with more intensity.
    • The phase-II will be implemented in pan-India.
  • The Marine Products Export Development Authority (MPEDA) and the State Fisheries Departments are anticipated to play a significant role in this crucial national surveillance programme.

The Genetic improvement program of Penaeusindicus (Indian white shrimp):

  • Under the Make in India flagship programme, ICAR-CIBA has taken on the genetic enhancement of indices, the Indian white shrimp, as a national priority.

The shrimp farming sector mostly depends on one exotic Specific Pathogen Free stock of Pacific white shrimp (Penaeusvannamei) species.

  • Using indigenous feed, Indicus Plus (35% Protein), CIBA has successfully optimized breeding protocol and shown cultural potential across various geographic locations in coastal states.
  • Phase-I of the program is launched under the Pradhan MantriMatsyaSampada Yojana (PMMSY) under the Central sector scheme to establish a National Genetic Improvement Facility for shrimp breeding.

The Genetic Improvement Facility:

  • Genetic improvement of aquaculture species will provide promise in improving production.
  • Strains of several species that grow faster, exhibit greater disease resistance, and have other more favourable characteristics for aquaculture have been produced through selective breeding.
GS Mains Classes GS Classes 2024 GS Classes 2024 UPSC Study Material

Verifying, please be patient.

Our Centers

DELHI (Karol Bagh)

GS SCORE, 1B, Second Floor, Pusa Road, Karol Bagh, New Delhi - 110005 (Beside Karol Bagh Metro Station Gate No. 8)

Get directions on Google Maps

BHUBANESWAR (Jaydev Vihar)

GS SCORE, Plot No.2298, Jaydev Vihar Square, Near HCG Day Care, BBSR - 751013

Get directions on Google Maps

LUCKNOW (Aliganj)

GS SCORE, 2nd Floor, B-33, Sangam Chauraha, Sector H, Aliganj, Lucknow, UP - 226024

Get directions on Google Maps

Enquire Now