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National Surveillance Programme on Fish Diseases scheme

  • Published
    1st Mar, 2023
Context

The Union Minister of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying has launched schemes for Genetic improvement, disease surveillance, Aquaculture and increasing fish species.

About
  • The three programmes launched include;
    • Genetic Improvement Programme of Indian White Shrimp (Penaeusindicus),
    • National Surveillance Programme on Fish Diseases, launching of aquaculture insurance product and,
    • A Genetic Improvement Facility.
  • Need of the initiative:
    • To strengthen the farmer-based disease surveillance system,
    • Disease cases in fish can be reported easily,
    • For investigation and scientific support is provided to the farmers.

Status of the fishing industry in India:

  • India is the third largest fish-producing country with a fish production of 14.73 million metric tonnes.
  • India is one of the largest exporters of farmed shrimp which is around 7 lakh tonnes.

The Numbers:

  • The West Coast produces 59% while the East Coast generates 41% of total marine fish.
  • Gujarat, with 19% of the total marine fish production, is the leading marine fish-producing State followed by Andhra Pradesh (16.4%) and Tamil Nadu (13.5%).
    • Andhra Pradesh (27.4%) and West Bengal (13.8%) combined produce nearly 41% of the country’s total fish production.

National Surveillance Programme for Aquatic Animal Diseases (NSPAAD):

  • The government of India is implementing the NSPAAD since 2013.
  • Aim: The scheme focuses on improving the farmer-based disease surveillance system. Thus the disease cases are reported immediately.
  • Consequently, the disease gets investigated and scientific support is provided to the farmers.
  • Department of Fisheries sanctioned the NSPAAD: Phase-II under the Pradhan MantriMatsyaSampada Yojana programme to continue the efforts with more intensity.
    • The phase-II will be implemented in pan-India.
  • The Marine Products Export Development Authority (MPEDA) and the State Fisheries Departments are anticipated to play a significant role in this crucial national surveillance programme.

The Genetic improvement program of Penaeusindicus (Indian white shrimp):

  • Under the Make in India flagship programme, ICAR-CIBA has taken on the genetic enhancement of indices, the Indian white shrimp, as a national priority.

The shrimp farming sector mostly depends on one exotic Specific Pathogen Free stock of Pacific white shrimp (Penaeusvannamei) species.

  • Using indigenous feed, Indicus Plus (35% Protein), CIBA has successfully optimized breeding protocol and shown cultural potential across various geographic locations in coastal states.
  • Phase-I of the program is launched under the Pradhan MantriMatsyaSampada Yojana (PMMSY) under the Central sector scheme to establish a National Genetic Improvement Facility for shrimp breeding.

The Genetic Improvement Facility:

  • Genetic improvement of aquaculture species will provide promise in improving production.
  • Strains of several species that grow faster, exhibit greater disease resistance, and have other more favourable characteristics for aquaculture have been produced through selective breeding.
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