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26th July 2023 (5 Topics)

Over 5 cr MGNREGS workers’ names deleted in 2022-23


The Union Rural Development Ministry informed the Lok Sabha that 5.18 crore names of workers were deleted from the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS) list in 2022-23, against 1.49 crore in 2021-22.

What is MGNREGS?

  • The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) was passed in 2005 and aimed at enhancing the livelihood security of households in rural areas.
  • Under it, the MGNREGS is a demand-driven scheme that guarantees 100 days of unskilled work per year for every rural household that wants it, covering all districts in the country except those with a 100% urban population.
  • Type of projects: related to water conservation, land development, construction, agriculture and allied works.
  • Payment: Under the scheme, if work is not provided within 15 days from when it is demanded, the worker has to be given a daily unemployment allowance.
  • Additionally, the wages of unskilled workers also have to be paid within 15 days and in case of a delay, the Centre has to compensate them.

Other important schemes

  • Deen Dayal Antyodaya Yojana – National Rural Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NRLM)
  • Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY)
  • Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana – Gramin (PMAY-G)
  • PM-KISAN Scheme

What does this ‘deletion’ mean?

  • West Bengal (83.36 lakh) saw the highest number of name deletions under MGNREGS in 2022-23, followed by Andhra (78.05 lakh), Odisha (77.78 lakh), Bihar (76.68 lakh) and UP (62.98 lakh).
  • Ineligibility: The deletion of an MGNREGS worker from the rolls basically means that the person is ineligible to work as he is no longer registered under the rural job programme.
  • Linkage issue: In many cases, villagers’ names could have been deleted because his/her job card was not linked to the ABPS. 

Recent changes

  • In January, the government had made online attendance through the National Mobile Monitoring System mandatory for MGNREGS workers.
  • It is also pushing for an Aadhaar-Based Payment System (ABPS) for settling of MGNREGS wages — in a bid to ensure “timely payment of wages” — in spite of widespread protests by workers and activists. 

What is AePS?

  • Aadhaar-based payment systems (AePS) is a type of digital payment system that uses the Aadhaar biometric authentication system for making payments.
  • Aadhaar is a unique identification number.
  • The ABPS leverages the Aadhaar authentication infrastructure to enable transactions and is based on the Unified Payment Interface (UPI) platform.
  • AePS is a bank-led model developed by NPCI, which allows online transactions at Micro ATM/Kiosk/mobile devices through the authorised Business Correspondent (BC) of any bank using Aadhaar authentication.

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