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Anangpal II Tomar Dynasty

Published: 5th Apr, 2021

A government seminar conducted recently in Delhi highlighted the legacy of the long-forgotten Tomar king Anangpal II.


A government seminar conducted recently in Delhi highlighted the legacy of the long-forgotten Tomar king Anangpal II.


About Anangpal II

  • Anangpal Tomar: He was popularly known as Anangpal Tomar.
  • Dynasty: He belonged to the Tomar dynasty that ruled parts of present-day Delhi and Haryana between the 8th and 12th centuries.
  • Founder of Dhillikapuri: Anangapal II was the founder of Dhillikapuri, which eventually became Delhi.
  • Inscriptions and coins: Their rule is attested by multiple inscriptions and coins.
  • Lal Kot fort and Anang Tal Baoli: The region was in ruins when he ascended the throne in the 11th century; it was he who built Lal Kot fort and Anang Tal Baoli.
  • Battle of Tarain: The Delhi Sultanate was established in 1192 after Prithviraj Chauhan’s defeat in the Battle of Tarain (present-day Haryana) by the Ghurid forces.
  • Prithviraj Chauhan: Anangpal Tomar II was succeeded by his grandson Prithviraj Chauhan.
  • Tomars and their Delhi link:
    • Noted medieval historian Professor KA Nizami’s Urdu book named Ehd-e-Wusta ki Dilli mentions this.
    • It is translated in English as ‘Delhi in Historical Perspectives’.
    • It looks at Delhi across six centuries, tracing the antecedents of Delhi.
    • It refers to Persian annals that describe Delhi as “Inderpat”.
    • And yet, according to the book, Delhi formally emerged as a city only in the 11th century when Tomar Rajputs took over the mountainous Aravalli region.

Tomar dynasty

  • It is one of the minor early medieval ruling houses of northern India.
  • Puranic evidence gives its early location in the Himalayan region.
  • According to bardic tradition, the dynasty was one of the 36 Rajput tribes.
  • The history of the family spans the period between the reign of Anangapala, who founded the city of Delhi in the 11th century CE, and the incorporation of Delhi within the Chauhan kingdom in 1164.
  • Although Delhi subsequently became decisively a part of the Chauhan kingdom, numismatic and comparatively late literary evidence indicates that Tomara kings such as Anangapala and Madanapala continued to rule as feudatories, presumably until the final conquest of Delhi by the Muslims in 1192–93.

Archaeological Survey of India (ASI)

  • The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) functions under the Ministry of Culture.
  • It is the premier organization for archaeological researches and protection of the cultural heritage of the nation.
  • Maintenance of ancient monuments and archaeological sites and remains of national importance is the prime concern of the ASI.
  • Besides, it regulates all archaeological activities in the country as per the provisions of the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act, 1958.
  • It also regulates Antiquities and Art Treasure Act, 1972.

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