Bhaskarabda: A Luni-Solar Calendar
Art and culture
25th Oct, 2021
Assam government has approved Bhaskarabda, a period counted from the date of ascension by the great Kamrup king Kumar Bhaskar Varma as an official calendar and the Saka and Gregorian charts.
What is Bhaskarabda?
- Bhaskarabda can be understood as a period calculated from the date of the ascension of the 7th-century local ruler Bhaskar Varman.
- It is based on both phases of the moon and the solar year.
- The gap between Basaskarabda and Gregorian is 593 years.
- It all started when Baskaravarman was crowned ruler of the Kamrupa kingdom.
Kamrup king Kumar Bhaskar Varma
- Kamrup, which was also known as Pragjyotish in the mythological era, has been recognised as the first historical kingdom of Assam and was the most advanced territory under his reign.
- Bhaskar Varma was a contemporary to the north Indian emperor Harshavardhan, another celebrated ruler of
- Both enjoyed political ties with mutual respect.
- Kamarupa was a typical Hindu kingdom of old.
- It now designates a district of Assam, was formerly applied to the whole of the eastern province of the ancient Bharatavarsha.
- It is synonymous with Pragjyotish which, however, seems to have been the older appellation for the country.
- In the Ramayana and Mahabharata the country is called Pragjyotish, and its ruler, the Pragjyotisheswara.
- The term Kamarupa is first made use of in some of the Puranas and Tantras, which are admittedly of a later date than the great epics.
Use of the calendar by Assam
- Currently, the official Assam government official calendar uses the Saka calendar and the Gregorian calendar.
- However, the Basquearabda calendar will be used from now on.
Type of Calendars
- Solar: Any dating system based on the seasonal year of approximately 365 1/4 days, the time it takes the Earth to revolve once around the Sun.
- Lunar: Any dating system based on a year that contains synodic moons - that is, complete cycles of phases of the Moon.
- Luni-Solar: The luni solar calendar month is a month but the solar years were used in early Middle Eastern civilizations and Greece.