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Central Sanskrit Universities Bill, 2020

Published: 23rd Mar, 2020

The Central Sanskrit Universities Bill, 2020 has been passed by the Parliament after it was passed by Rajya Sabha.


The Central Sanskrit Universities Bill, 2020 has been passed by the Parliament after it was passed by Rajya Sabha.


  • This bill will convert thefollowinginto Central Sanskrit Universities:
    • Rashtriya Sanskrit Sansthan, New Delhi
    • Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri Rashtriya Sanskrit Vidyapeeth, New Delhi
    • Rashtriya Sanskrit Vidyapeeth, Tirupati
  • These 3 universities will have more opportunities to spread the knowledge of Sanskrit language not only in India but also across the world in a better way.
  • The Universities will:
    • disseminate and advance knowledge for the promotion of Sanskrit
    • make special provisions for integrated courses in humanities, social sciences, and science
    • train manpower for the overall development and preservation of Sanskrit and allied subjects. 

Sanskrit, the classical language of India:

  • Sanskrit is the classical language of Indian and the liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism.
  • It is also one of the 22 official languages of India.
  • The name Sanskrit means "refined", "consecrated" and "sanctified".
  • The word "Sanskrit" means "refined, decorated" or "produced in perfect form". It is known for its clarity and beauty.
  • Sanskrit is the classical language of Hinduism, the oldest and the most systematic language in the world.
  • In the recent times, major Western countries are increasingly showing interests in learning Sanskrit and exploring the wide variety of knowledge it offers.
  • In this context, creating central Sanskrit Universities is one major and significant  step that India has taken to assert its leading position.

Functions of the Universities:

  • Key powers and functions of the University include:
    • prescribing courses of study and conducting training programmes
    • granting degrees, diplomas, and certificates
    • providing facilities through a distance education system
    • conferring autonomous status on a college or an institution
    • provide instructions for education in Sanskrit and allied subjects

Significance of the Bill:

  • This is one of the landmark Bills passed by the Parliament which has fulfilled the aspirations and long standing wish of many sanskrit lovers, scholars and Sanskrit speaking people in the country.
  • The Central University status awarded to these 3 Universities will enhance the status of these Universities and will give boost to Post Graduate, Doctoral and Post-doctoral education and Research in the field of Sanskrit and Shastraic education.
  • This will pave way for many people from abroad to learn Sanskrit and Shastraic lore from these prestigious Central Sanskrit Universities in our country.  

Therefore creation of Central Sanskrit Universities will boost further research in Sanskrit with the deep route that may lead to many useful insights and offer solutions to some of the modern-day problems.

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