‘Death of sloth bears in Nandankanan Zoological Park’

  • Category
    Environment
  • Published
    29th Sep, 2020

Context

Death of two sloth bears in two days in Bhubaneswar’s Nandankanan Zoological Park, among the 14 big zoos of the country, has left the officials worried over the possible spread of some sort of bacterial or viral infection.

About

Sloth Bear

  • The sloth bear is a myrmecophagous bear species.
  • It is listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List, mainly because of habitat loss and degradation.
  • The shaggy-coated sloth bear is native to India, Sri Lanka and Nepal. Sloth bears primarily eat termites and ants, and unlike other bear species, they routinely carry their cubs on their backs.
  • Sloth bearsare the only bears that carry their young on their back. 
    • Class:Mammalia
    • Order:Carnivora
    • Family:Ursidae
    • Genus and Species:Melursus ursinus

Important facts on Nandankanan Zoological Park

  • Nandankanan Zoological Park is a premier large zoo of India. Unlike other zoos in the country, Nandankanan is built right inside the forest and set in a completely natural environment.
  • Nandankanan is 15 kms from Odisha's capital, Bhubaneswar.
  • Nandankanan is the first zoo in the World to breed White tiger and Melanistic tiger.
  • It is the only conservation breeding centre of Indian Pangolins in the world.
  • Also, it is the only zoological park in India to become an institutional member of World Association of Zoos and Aquarium (WAZA).
    • Founded in 1935, the WAZA is the global alliance of regional associations, national federations, zoos and aquariums, dedicated to the care and conservation of animals and their habitats around the world.
  • Nandankanan is the first zoo in India where endangered Ratel was born in captivity.
  • Nandankanan is the only zoo in India to have an Open-top Leopard Enclosure.
  • Nandankanan is the second largest heronry for Open Billied Storks in Odisha.
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